In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the JournalsPerspective

C-reactive protein testing safely reduces antibiotic use for COPD exacerbations

July 11, 2019
The use of point-of-care testing for C-reactive protein to guide treatment lessened the use of antibiotics for COPD exacerbations without worsening…
In the Journals

Most pneumonia patients prescribed unnecessary, potentially harmful antibiotics

July 10, 2019
Two thirds of hospitalized pneumonia patients receive longer durations of antibiotic therapy than necessary, which may increase their risk for…
In the Journals

Diaphragm dysfunction unable to predict extubation failure

July 10, 2019
New data show that ultrasound-detected diaphragmatic dysfunction does not predict which patients will fail to successfully wean from mechanical…
In the Journals

Bacterial load may predict response to inhaled antibiotics in bronchiectasis

July 10, 2019
Among patients with bronchiectasis, inhaled antibiotics improved quality of life only in those with high bacterial load, according to data published…
In the JournalsPerspective

Uncontrolled asthma could cost US economy $963.5B over next 20 years

July 9, 2019
The 20-year cost of uncontrolled asthma in the U.S. is estimated to exceed $963 billion, and both adolescents and adults could lose approximately…
In the Journals

Air pollution reduces lung function, increases risk for COPD

July 9, 2019
Air pollution appears to be associated with reduced lung function and an increased risk for COPD, especially among people with lower incomes, new…
In the Journals

More than 20% of adults uninsured, nearly 10 years after Affordable Care Act signed into law

July 8, 2019
About one in five adults treated at community health centers in 11 states that expanded Medicaid eligibility did not have health insurance during a…
In the Journals

National Lung Screening Trial follow-up confirms low-dose CT reduces lung cancer deaths

July 8, 2019
Reductions in lung cancer mortality with low-dose CT screening vs. chest X-ray among participants in the National Lung Screening Trial have been…
In the Journals

CPAP reduces depressive symptoms in patients with sleep apnea, CVD

July 8, 2019
Continuous positive airway pressure treatment reduced depressive symptoms in patients with co-existing obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular…
In the JournalsPerspective

Vena cava filters after major trauma fail to reduce incidence of pulmonary embolism, death

July 8, 2019
Placing an inferior vena cava filter in patients within 72 hours of major trauma did not reduce incidence of symptomatic pulmonary embolism or death…
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