In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

African Americans who use menthols less likely to quit smoking

June 28, 2019
African American smokers who used menthol cigarettes were 12% less likely to quit smoking than nonmenthol smokers, possibly due to targeted…
In the Journals

Americans have fewer healthy days, more disparity in health outcomes, CDC data show

June 28, 2019
Health equity witnessed a “clear lack of progress” during a recent 25-year period, researchers recently wrote in JAMA Network Open.
In the Journals

RSV leading cause of pediatric pneumonia cases in Africa, Asia

June 27, 2019
Researchers have found that leading causes of pneumonia requiring hospitalization in children aged younger than 5 years in low- and middle-income…
In the Journals

FEV1:FVC ratio diagnostic threshold optimal for predicting COPD prognosis

June 27, 2019
Use of a ratio of FEV1 to FVC less than 0.7 to define airflow obstruction was at least as accurate as other thresholds for predicting COPD-related…
In the Journals

Access to global health-related training difficult for pulmonary, critical care fellowship programs

June 26, 2019
Lack of mentorship, dedicated fellowship time and established global partners are major roadblocks to providing global health-related training…
In the Journals

‘Easy to follow’ advance directives more likely to be used

June 26, 2019
Both clinicians and patients more often utilized advance directives that were more “readable, understandable, appealing and usable,”…
In the Journals

Hypertonic saline may be appropriate intervention for preschoolers with cystic fibrosis

June 26, 2019
New data from the SHIP study show that inhaled hypertonic saline, as compared with isotonic saline, improved lung clearance index in children aged 3…
In the JournalsPerspective

COPD in nonsmokers, smokers share similar prevalence by US region

June 25, 2019
There is a strong correlation between the state-level incidences of COPD in both nonsmoking and currently smoking populations, indicating that in…
In the Journals

IPF mortality varies according to demographic characteristics

June 25, 2019
The rates of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis-related mortality differ significantly based on sex, race and age, according to a study published in the…
In the JournalsPerspective

Smoking increases STEMI risk in women more than men

June 24, 2019
Women who smoke had a significantly increased risk for STEMI compared with men who smoke, according to a study published in the Journal of the
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