In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Metformin may lower risk for exacerbations in patients with asthma, diabetes

August 26, 2019
Metformin treatment may lower the risk for asthma exacerbations in patients with diabetes, a recent retrospective cohort study . “There is…
In the Journals

Cancer prevalence higher in women with OSA

August 23, 2019
Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk for cancer in women, a recent analysis of the European Sleep Apnoea Database study…
In the JournalsPerspective

TB rates declining among US children, but disparities persist

August 22, 2019
Although the rate of new tuberculosis cases among U.S. children and adolescents has decreased by nearly half in recent years, incidence of the…
In the Journals

Apolipoprotein levels, insulin resistance influence obstructive sleep apnea

August 22, 2019
In a cohort of adults assessed for sleep issues, those in the highest quartile of apolipoprotein B to apolipoprotein A-I ratio were at the greatest…
In the Journals

Mortality risk higher with severe hyperoxemia in pediatric ICU

August 21, 2019
Critically ill children who experience severe hyperoxemia in the pediatric ICU may have a higher risk for in-hospital mortality, according to data…
In the Journals

Air pollution may raise mortality risk

August 21, 2019
In a study of more than 600 cities around the world, short-term exposure to air pollutants was linked to increased risks for all-cause…
In the Journals

Nicotine-free vaping harms blood vessels after single session

August 21, 2019
Nicotine-free e-cigarettes were harmful to blood vessels after just one use, according to study results published in Radiology. “While…
In the Journals

Youth who use e-cigarettes 3.5 times more likely to use marijuana

August 20, 2019
Youth who use electronic cigarettes are 3.5 times more likely to have smoked marijuana, according to results from a systematic review and…
In the Journals

FDA’s ‘The Real Cost’ campaign successful in preventing youth smoking

August 20, 2019
From 2014 to 2016, the FDA’s “The Real Cost” media campaign aimed at children and adolescents has prevented as many as 587,000…
In the Journals

Former heavy smokers may have elevated CVD risk beyond 5 years after cessation

August 20, 2019
A new study confirms that heavy smokers have a significantly lower CVD risk within 5 years compared with current smokers. However, compared with…
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