In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Ivacaftor may reduce respiratory infections in cystic fibrosis

July 23, 2019
Among patients with cystic fibrosis, the use of ivacaftor was associated with a 32% reduction in the rate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection and a…
In the Journals

Antifibrotic agents may reduce mortality risk in IPF

July 22, 2019
Among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, the antifibrotic medications pirfenidone and nintedanib were associated with significantly reduced…
In the Journals

Palivizumab does not improve long-term outcomes in kids with cystic fibrosis

July 19, 2019
Palivizumab — a monoclonal antibody that prevents respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV, in high-risk infants — did not improve long-term…
In the Journals

ECMO use outpacing mechanical ventilation in lung transplantation

July 19, 2019
In the past decade, the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to lung transplantation has increased significantly, whereas the use…
In the Journals

Upper airway stimulation less effective in lowering BP than positive airway pressure in OSA

July 18, 2019
Positive airway pressure as a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea showed greater improvement in blood pressure than upper airway stimulation, but…
In the Journals

Balloon pulmonary angioplasty compares favorably with riociguat in CTEPH

July 17, 2019
When compared with riociguat therapy, balloon pulmonary angioplasty was associated with more improvement in some parameters of hemodynamics and…
In the Journals

Azithromycin treatment outcomes may differ based on antibiotic type

July 16, 2019
Patients with cystic fibrosis saw a greater increase in FEV1 when given oral azithromycin in combination with certain IV antibiotics for the…
In the Journals

Childhood sleep apnea may persist through adulthood in certain patients

July 15, 2019
Some children may experience complete resolution of obstructive sleep apnea as they transition to adulthood, but persistent disease is more likely in…
In the Journals

Reach of court-ordered antismoking ads ‘suboptimal’ in US population

July 12, 2019
Approximately half of current smokers in a recent survey reported seeing federal court-ordered antismoking advertisements, but exposure to these…
In the JournalsPerspective

C-reactive protein testing safely reduces antibiotic use for COPD exacerbations

July 11, 2019
The use of point-of-care testing for C-reactive protein to guide treatment lessened the use of antibiotics for COPD exacerbations without worsening…
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