In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Balloon atrial septostomy potentially beneficial in advanced PAH

August 13, 2019
Balloon atrial septostomy appears to be safe and is associated with hemodynamic improvements in patients with advanced pulmonary artery hypertension…
In the Journals

Air pollution may accelerate emphysema progression

August 13, 2019
Long-term exposure to common air pollutants is associated with significant progression of emphysema, according to an 18-year study published in…
In the Journals

Artificial intelligence models may predict pulmonary embolism risk

August 12, 2019
New data published in JAMA Network Open suggest that a machine learning algorithm may be able to accurately predict a patient’s risk for…
In the Journals

Osteoporosis prevalent in patients with COPD

August 9, 2019
More than one-third of patients with COPD worldwide may have osteoporosis, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis published in…
In the Journals

Smoke-free laws may decrease workplace secondhand smoke exposure

August 9, 2019
Nonsmoking workers in states without comprehensive smoke-free laws are more likely to be frequently exposed to workplace secondhand smoke than…
In the Journals

Exposure to air pollution in utero may increase odds of NICU admission

August 9, 2019
In utero exposure to common air pollutants appears to be associated with increased odds of NICU admission, according to study results published in…
In the Journals

Antibiotic use in infancy increases risk for childhood asthma

August 8, 2019
Researchers found a dose-dependent association between antibiotic use in infancy and the development of asthma in childhood, regardless of the type…
In the Journals

Vitamin D levels modify pollution-driven asthma symptoms in pediatric obesity

August 8, 2019
Circulating vitamin D levels affect the risk for respiratory symptoms related to indoor air pollution among children with obesity and asthma…
In the Journals

Persistent immune dysregulation after sepsis associated with worse long-term outcomes

August 7, 2019
Persistent dysregulated immune response after hospital discharge, which was common among patients who were hospitalized for sepsis, may increase the…
In the Journals

Effects of IPF combination therapy similar for patients with, without right heart dysfunction

August 7, 2019
Among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, the effects of nintedanib plus sildenafil, as compared with nintedanib alone, on quality of life…
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