In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Whole-body MRI may facilitate lung cancer staging

May 10, 2019
Using whole-body magnetic resonance imaging for staging in non-small-cell lung cancer reduced staging time, cut costs and had similar diagnostic…
In the Journals

Critical care-related factors impact morbidity after pediatric respiratory failure

May 9, 2019
In children who experienced acute respiratory failure, factors related to critical care, such as mechanical ventilation and inadequate pain…
In the Journals

Sleep quality, wakefulness may predict successful weaning from mechanical ventilation

May 9, 2019
Critically ill patients who have higher levels of wakefulness and the same depth of sleep in both the left and right hemispheres of their brains are…
In the Journals

Prevalence of liver disease in cystic fibrosis ‘slowly increasing’ in UK

May 8, 2019
The burden of cystic fibrosis-associated liver disease in the United Kingdom increased from 2008 to 2013, with new estimates showing a rising…
In the Journals

Aclidinium does not increase cardiovascular risk in COPD

May 7, 2019
In patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and increased cardiovascular risk, aclidinium did not increase the risk for…
In the Journals

Asthma severity linked to fatty acid intake in children

May 6, 2019
In children, a diet higher in omega-6 fatty acids may worsen asthma severity and response to indoor particulate air pollution, whereas increased…
In the Journals

Lung volume reduction confers clinical benefit in emphysema

May 6, 2019
Among patients with severe emphysema, lung volume reduction interventions including surgery, endobronchial valves, endobronchial coils or sclerosing…
In the Journals

Azithromycin reduces treatment failure in acute COPD exacerbations

May 3, 2019
Use of the antibiotic azithromycin on top of standard care may reduce treatment failure in high-risk patients hospitalized for an acute exacerbation…
In the Journals

Telemonitoring not superior to CPAP for blood pressure improvement

May 2, 2019
In patients with obstructive sleep apnea and high cardiovascular risk, remote telemonitoring and continuous positive airway pressure yielded similar…
In the Journals

Combination lumacaftor, ivacaftor improves clinical outcomes in young children with cystic fibrosis

May 2, 2019
Lumacaftor and ivacaftor combination therapy was generally safe and well-tolerated over 24 weeks of treatment in children aged 2 to 5 years with…
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