In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Wildfires worse for children’s health compared with prescribed burns

May 31, 2019
Children in California who were exposed to wildfire smoke had increases in asthma exacerbations, including wheezing in those who did not have asthma…
In the Journals

Patient-directed YouTube videos on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis often misleading

May 31, 2019
Patient-directed idiopathic pulmonary brosis videos posted on YouTube are often inaccurate and provide incomplete information, researchers reported. …
In the Journals

Better strategies needed to manage patients hospitalized with COPD, atrial fibrillation

May 30, 2019
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation increased in the United States from 2003 to 2014 among patients hospitalized with end-stage chronic obstructive…
In the Journals

Children often receive unnecessary diagnostic tests, treatment for pneumonia

May 30, 2019
Children presenting to EDs and other outpatient settings with community-acquired pneumonia, or CAP, often receive unnecessary diagnostic…
In the Journals

Overweight, obesity tied to childhood asthma risk

May 24, 2019
Children with overweight or obesity are 30% more likely to develop asthma and nearly twice as likely to develop wheezing symptoms when compared with…
In the Journals

Very preterm birth, low birth weight may increase risk for suboptimal lung function in adulthood

May 17, 2019
Very preterm birth or very low birth weight may put a person at risk for not reaching full airway growth potential in early adulthood, according to a…
In the Journals

Current smokers less likely to undergo cancer screenings than nonsmokers

May 17, 2019
Current smokers are less likely to meet recommendations for breast, prostate and colorectal cancer screenings than people who have never smoked…
In the Journals

Subfreezing air as cough trigger may signal asthma in chronic cough

May 16, 2019
People whose cough triggers include subfreezing air, along with other factors, may point to the presence of asthma in those with chronic cough…
In the Journals

Lung volume reduction surgery improves outcomes in advanced emphysema

May 15, 2019
Among patients with end-stage emphysema, lung volume reduction surgery was associated with significant improvements in clinical and quality-of-life…
In the Journals

Placebo effect common in uncontrolled asthma trials

May 15, 2019
In five randomized controlled trials, patients with persistent, uncontrolled asthma who received placebo therapy demonstrated statistically…
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