In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Work stress may not impact sleep quality

July 26, 2019
The positive sleep changes that older residents of Finland experienced after retirement was likely not caused by the removal of difficult work…
In the Journals

New AF may signal sepsis onset

July 25, 2019
Links between new-onset atrial fibrillation and mortality suggest that the condition may serve as a measure of cardiac dysfunction during sepsis…
In the Journals

Undetected OSA could hinder antidepressant response

July 25, 2019
Researchers found that 14% of 125 suicidal adults with major depressive disorder, who were not suspected to have obstructive sleep apnea, actually…
In the Journals

More stringent air quality standards may decrease childhood asthma incidence

July 24, 2019
Policies designed to reduce air pollutants could result in a lower incidence of childhood asthma, researchers reported in the Proceedings of the
In the Journals

Ivacaftor may reduce respiratory infections in cystic fibrosis

July 23, 2019
Among patients with cystic fibrosis, the use of ivacaftor was associated with a 32% reduction in the rate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection and a…
In the Journals

Antifibrotic agents may reduce mortality risk in IPF

July 22, 2019
Among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, the antifibrotic medications pirfenidone and nintedanib were associated with significantly reduced…
In the Journals

Palivizumab does not improve long-term outcomes in kids with cystic fibrosis

July 19, 2019
Palivizumab — a monoclonal antibody that prevents respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV, in high-risk infants — did not improve long-term…
In the Journals

ECMO use outpacing mechanical ventilation in lung transplantation

July 19, 2019
In the past decade, the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a bridge to lung transplantation has increased significantly, whereas the use…
In the Journals

Upper airway stimulation less effective in lowering BP than positive airway pressure in OSA

July 18, 2019
Positive airway pressure as a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea showed greater improvement in blood pressure than upper airway stimulation, but…
In the Journals

Balloon pulmonary angioplasty compares favorably with riociguat in CTEPH

July 17, 2019
When compared with riociguat therapy, balloon pulmonary angioplasty was associated with more improvement in some parameters of hemodynamics and…
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