In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Chantix may increase cardiovascular event risk

January 12, 2018
Patients taking Chantix had a heightened risk for hospitalizations and ED visits due to adverse cardiovascular events, according to findings…
In the JournalsPerspective

More than two-thirds of individuals who try smoking become daily smokers

January 10, 2018
Approximately 69% of individuals who ever tried a cigarette progressed — at least briefly —to daily smoking, according to a study…
In the Journals

Inhaled long-acting bronchodilator use in COPD increases CVD risk

January 4, 2018
New use of long-acting beta 2-agonists and long-acting muscarinic antagonists in patients with COPD was associated with a 1.5-fold increased risk for…
In the Journals

USPSTF approach to lung cancer screening may not be most effective strategy

January 3, 2018
Risk-targeted low-dose CT testing is the most effective approach to reduce lung cancer mortality; however, gains in benefits, such as life-years…
In the Journals

Tomatoes, apples may slow lung function decline

December 22, 2017
Regular consumption of tomatoes and fruits, particularly apples, may delay the natural decline in lung function in adults, as well as restore…
In the Journals

Smokers endorse metabolism-informed care for smoking cessation

December 21, 2017
Metabolism-informed care — a treatment strategy that matches normal metabolizers with a non-nicotine-based therapy such as Chantix and slow…
In the Journals

Lung disease greatly increases costs for patients with scleroderma

December 7, 2017
For patients with systemic sclerosis, interstitial lung disease and pulmonary arterial hypertension can result in significant increases in health…
In the Journals

Teen e-cigarette use linked to future cigarette smoking

December 4, 2017
Although teenagers who smoke cigarettes are not likely to use e-cigarettes later, those who smoke e-cigarettes are more likely to smoke traditional…
In the Journals

Macrolide antibiotics fail to provide additional benefit for children with pneumonia

November 13, 2017
For children hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia, there is no significant difference between treatment with beta-lactam monotherapy and
In the Journals

Burnout, dissatisfaction drive 1 in 5 physicians to plan on reducing work hours

November 10, 2017
Survey results published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings reveal a significant level of discontent among physicians, with many considering scaling back or…