In the Journals

This feature offers timely executive summaries of the most relevant journals in pulmonology. Through peer “Perspectives,” full bibliographical information and links to the original journal abstract, In the Journals are a step wider and deeper than journal reviews health care professionals may be accustomed.

In the Journals

Macrolide antibiotics fail to provide additional benefit for children with pneumonia

November 13, 2017
For children hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia, there is no significant difference between treatment with beta-lactam monotherapy and
In the Journals

Burnout, dissatisfaction drive 1 in 5 physicians to plan on reducing work hours

November 10, 2017
Survey results published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings reveal a significant level of discontent among physicians, with many considering scaling back or…
In the Journals

Service price biggest driver of health care spending

November 9, 2017
Annual health care spending increased from $1.2 trillion to $2.1 trillion between 1996 and 2013, fueled by a 50% rise in the price of health care…
In the Journals

Recommendations inconsistent in pediatric asthma guidelines

November 8, 2017
Although national and international guidelines for the treatment of pediatric bronchiolitis have many similarities, less agreement is found in
In the JournalsPerspective

Self-administered latent TB therapy noninferior to direct observation

November 6, 2017
Patients in the United States who self-administered once-weekly isoniazid and rifapentine to treat latent tuberculosis infection had a high rate of…
In the Journals

Warfarin lowers cancer risk in older adults

November 6, 2017
Warfarin use was associated with a significantly lower rate of cancer incidence across a broad range of malignancies among adults over the age of 50…
In the Journals

Obesity linked to repeated hospital admissions in children with asthma

November 6, 2017
Obesity was a risk factor for repeated hospital admissions in children with asthma, according to findings recently published in Pediatric Allergy and
In the Journals

Patient navigation, financial incentives improve smoking cessation rates

November 1, 2017
A multicomponent intervention that included patient navigation and financial incentives for biochemically confirmed smoking cessation significantly…
In the JournalsPerspective

Choosing Wisely helpful, but many physicians unaware of the campaign

November 1, 2017
While awareness of the Choosing Wisely campaign was low among physicians, a majority of those who knew of the campaign reported that it was helpful…
In the Journals

Smoking cessation therapy varies by race in primary care

November 1, 2017
Compared with white patients, African-American patients were significantly more likely to receive smoking cessation counselling, but were…
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