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No decrease observed in oxygen therapy use for preterm infants

No decrease observed in oxygen therapy use for preterm infants
August 17, 2017
Although the use of less invasive ventilation strategies after birth have increased substantially, oxygen dependence at 36 weeks has not significantly declined, with no improvement in lung function in later childhood, according to a recent study in The New England Journal of Medicine.

“Assisted ventilation has changed substantially since the 1970s, when ventilation delivered through an endotracheal tube predominated,” Lex W. Doyle, MD, from the department of neonatal services at the Royal Women’s Hospital, and colleagues wrote. “Although assisted ventilation has become less invasive during the past 25 years, it is unclear whether assisted ventilation has been associated with improvements in short-term or long-term respiratory function.”

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