Tuyen V. Duong, RN, MNSc, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow, School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University. Altyn Aringazina, ScD, PhD, is an Associate Professor, Kazakhstan Medical University. Gaukhar Kayupova, PhD, is a Faculty Member, Department of Public Health, Karaganda Medical University. Nurjanah, MSc, is a Faculty Member, Dian Nuswantoro University. Thuc V. Pham, MD, PhD, is the President, School of Public Health, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy. Khue M. Pham, MD, PhD, is the Vice Director, School of Public Health, Hai Phong University of Medicine and Pharmacy. Tien Q. Truong, MD, MSc, is a Faculty Member, Ha Noi University of Public Health. Kien T. Nguyen, MSc, is a Faculty Member, Ha Noi University of Public Health. Win Myint Oo, MD, PhD, is an Associate Professor, SEGi University. Tin Tin Su, PhD, is a Professor of Public Health, and the Deputy Director, South East Asia Community Observatory, Monash University Malaysia. Hazreen Abdul Majid, PhD, is an Associate Professor, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya. Kristine Sørensen, PhD, is the Director, Global Health Literacy Academy; and the President, International Health Literacy Association. I-Feng Lin, PhD, is the Director, School of Public Health, National Yang-Ming University. Yuwen Chang, PhD, is a Professor, Department of Education, National Taipei University of Education. Shwu-Huey Yang, PhD, is a Professor, School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Nutrition, Taipei Medical University. Peter W. S. Chang, MD, MPH, ScD, FRCP, is a Fellow Scientist, National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan; and a Senior Advisor, Department of Family Medicine, National Taipei Hospital.
Address correspondence to Peter W. S. Chang, MD, MPH, ScD, FRCP, National Taipei Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, No.127, Su-yuan Road, Hsin-Chuang District, New Taipei City, Taiwan 24213; email:
Grant: T. T. S. received a grant (RP004B-13HTM) from the Health Promotion Administration, National University of Malaysia. T. T. S. and H. A. M. received a grant (PG172-2015B) from the Institute of Research and Management Unit, University of Malaya.
Disclaimer: This study was supported in part by Taiwan's Ministry of Science and Technology. The MJ Health Research Foundation supported work on the HLS-SF12 survey. The funding agencies had no role in data collection, analysis, interpretation, or the decision to submit the results.
Disclosure: The authors have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
The authors thank all Asian Health Literacy Association partner institutions for their collaboration and data collection. The authors also thank Chin-Fen Chen, PhD (National Taipei Normal University), Albert Li, PhD (National Taipei University of Technology), Jung-De Wang, ScD (National Cheng-Kong University), Kuo-Ying Wang, PhD, (National Central University), Ellen Hsu, PhD (Chinese Cultural University), Cheng-Fung Lu, PhD (National Kingmen University), Thung-Chiao Tseng, PhD (National Policy Academy), Yun-lu Chen, PhD (McMaster University), Betty Hsien-Ping MSc (Taipei Medical University), Enny Rachmani, MPH (Dian Nuswantoro University), Bui Thi Thu Ha, PhD (Hanoi University of Public Health), Nguyen Thanh Huong, PhD (Hanoi University of Public Health), Hoang Thi Giang, MD, PhD (Haiphong University of Medicine and Pharmacy); Kay Thi Lwin, MD, PhD (University of Medicine 1, Yangon), Pa Pa Soe, MD, PhD (University of Medicine 1, Yangon), Emma Mohamad, MD, PhD (National University of Malaysia), Reena A/P Balan, MPH (National University of Malaysia), and Karuthan Chinna (National University of Malaysia) for help with data collection.
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