Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

Clip & Save Drug Chart 

Antihypertensives Used for Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders


A handy source of up-to-date information on current medications for psychiatric illnesses


A handy source of up-to-date information on current medications for psychiatric illnesses


Generic (Brand) NameIndicationMechanisms of ActionFDA Approved Age RangeStrength of EvidenceTreatment Guidelines


Clonidine ER (Kapvay®)ADHDCentral alpha2-adrenergic agonist6 to 17SufficientWolraich, M. L., Hagan, J. F., Allan, C., Chan, E., Davison, D., Earls, M., Evans, S. W., Flinn, S. K., Froehlich, T., Frost, J., Holbrook, J. R., Lehmann, C. U., Lessin, H. R., Okechukwu, K., Pierce, K. L., Winner, J. D., & Zurhellen, W., & Subcommittee on Children and Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder. (2019). Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 144(4), e20192528.

Guanfacine ER (Intuniv®)ADHDCentral alpha2-adrenergic agonist6 to 17Sufficient


Prazosin (Minipress®)PTSD and trauma-related hyperarousal and nightmaresAlpha-adrenergic receptor blockadeN/AInsufficientU.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Defense. (2017). VA/DoD clinical practice guideline for the management of posttraumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder.

Propranolol (Inderal®)Autonomic hyperactivity related to anxietyBeta blockade reduces the physical signs of anxiety (tremor, shaky voice)N/AInsufficientExamples of off-label use: Sagar-Ouriaghli, I., Lievesley, K., & Santosh, P. J. (2018). Propranolol for treating emotional, behavioural, autonomic dysregulation in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Psychopharmacology (Oxford, England), 32(6), 641–653.
Wolf, M. A. (2020). A frequently missed diagnosis. The American Journal of Medicine, 133(8), 885.


Sign up to receive

Journal E-contents