Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

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Drugs to Treat Various Pain Conditions

Abstract

A handy source of up-to-date information on current medications for psychiatric illnesses

Table

A handy source of up-to-date information on current medications for psychiatric illnesses

Table

Generic (Brand) NameFDA-Approved Pain-Related IndicationsNon-FDA-Approved Pain-Related IndicationsHabit Forming?Prescription or OTC

NARCOTIC (OPIOID) DRUGS

Buprenorphine (Buprenex®), buprenorphine transdermal (Butrans®), codeine (Tylenol 3® and others), fentanyl (Fentora®, Onsolis™, and others), hydrocodone (Vicodin® and others), hydromorphone (Exalgo®, Palladone®), meperidine (Demerol®), methadone (Methadose® and others), morphine (Avinza® and others), morphine sulfate/naltrexone HCl (Embeda®), pentazocine HCl/naloxone HCl (Talwin® Nx), oxycodone (Percocet® and others), oxymorphone (Opana® and others), and othersPainHeadache, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathic painYesPrescription

NON-NARCOTIC DRUGS

Acetaminophen (Tylenol®)Pain, headache, dysmenorrheaMigraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathic painNoOTC

AspirinPain, headache, migraine, anti-inflammatoryDysmenorrhea, fibromyalgia, neuropathic painNoOTC

Diflunisal (Dolobid®)Pain, anti-inflammatoryDysmenorrhea, headache, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathic painNoPrescription

NONSTEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY (NSAID) DRUGS

Diclofenac (Cambia, Cataflam®, Zipsor), etodolac (Lodine®, Lodine XL®), ibuprofen (Advil®, Motrin® and others), ketoprofen (Orudis®, Oruvail®), ketorolac (Sprix®, Toradol®), naproxen (Aleve®, Naprosyn®), piroxicam (Feldene®), sulindac (Clinoril®), and othersPain, headache, migraine, dysmenorrhea, anti-inflammatoryFibromyalgia, neuropathic painNoOTC and prescription (depending on medication strength)

COX-2 INHIBITOR NSAID DRUG

Celecoxib (Celebrex®)Pain, dysmenorrhea, anti-inflammatoryHeadache, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathic painNoPrescription

ERGOT ALKALOID DRUGS

Dihydroergotamine mesylate (Migranal®)Migraine, cluster headachesNoneNoPrescription

Ergotamine tartrate (Ergomar®)Migraine, vascular headachesNoneNoPrescription

Methysergide maleate (previously available in the United States as Sansert®)Vascular headachesNoneNoPrescription

SEROTONIN RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST DRUGS

Almotriptan malate (Axert®), eletriptan HBr (Relpax®), frovatriptan succinate (Frova®), naratriptan HCl (Amerge®), rizatriptan benzoate (Maxalt®), sumatriptan iontophoretic transdermal system (Zecuity®), sumatriptan succinate (Alsuma®, Imitrex®), zolmitriptan (Zomig®)MigraineCluster headachesNoPrescription

ANTIDEPRESSANT DRUGS

Tricyclic antidepressants: amitriptyline (Elavil®), desipramine (Norpramine®), imipramine (Tofranil®), nortriptyline (Aventyl®, Pamelor®), and othersNoneaPain, headache, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathic painNoPrescription

Bupropion (Forfivo XL®, Wellbutrin®, Wellbutrin SR®, Wellbutrin XL®)NoneaPain, neuropathic painNoPrescription

Duloxetine (Cymbalta®)Diabetic peripheral neuropathy, fibromyalgia, chronic musculoskeletal painNoneNoPrescription

Milnacipran (Savella®)FibromyalgiaPainNoPrescription
Levomilnacipran (Fetzima®)NonePainNoPrescription

Venlafaxine (Effexor®, Effexor XR®)NoneaPain, headache, migraine, fibromyalgia, neuropathic painNoPrescription
Desvenlafaxine (Pristiq®)NonePainNoPrescription

ANTICONVULSANT DRUGS

Carbamazepine (Carbatrol®, Equetro®, Tegretol®, Tegretol XR®)Trigeminal neuralgiaPain, neurogenic painNoPrescription

Divalproex sodium (Depakote®, Depakote ER®), valproic acid (Depakene®, Stavzor®)MigraineHeadache, neuropathic painNoPrescription
Gabapentin (Gralise®b, Neurontin®)Post-herpetic neuralgiaPain, neuropathic pain, migraine, fibromyalgia, prevention of postoperative painNoPrescription

Lacosamide (Vimpat®)NoneaDiabetic peripheral neuropathyNoPrescription

Lamotrigine (Lamictal®)NoneaMigraine, trigeminal neuralgiaNoPrescription

Levetiracetam (Keppra®)NoneaMigraineNoPrescription

Phenytoin (Dilantin®)NoneaChronic painNoPrescription

Pregabalin (Lyrica®)Diabetic peripheral neuropathy, post-herpetic neuralgia, fibromyalgiaCentral painNoPrescription

Topiramate (Topamax®)MigraineHeadache, neuropathic painNoPrescription

MISCELLANEOUS DRUGS

Capsaicin (Capsagel®, Qutenza®, Zostrix®)Pain, anti-inflammatoryNeuropathic painNoOTC

Tapentadol (Nucynta®, Nucynta ER®)PainNonePotentiallyPrescription

Tramadol (Ryzolt, Ultram®)PainHeadache, fibromyalgia, neuropathic painYesPrescription

Ziconotide (Prialt®)Chronic refractory painNeuropathic pain, chronic cancer painNoPrescription

10.3928/02793695-20131009-79

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