Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services

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FDA-Approved Drugs to Treat ADHD

Abstract

A handy source of up-to-date information on current medications for psychiatric illnesses

Table

A handy source of up-to-date information on current medications for psychiatric illnesses

Table

Generic NameBrand NameIndications/ApprovalsContraindicationsWarnings
Atomoxetine HClStrattera®Ages 6 and older (not approved for geriatric use)Narrow-angle glaucoma; monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs); hepatic impairment; hypersensitivity to atomoxetine or its constituents.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; suicidal ideation; severe liver injury; allergies.
Clonidine HClKapvay®Ages 6 to 17Hypersensitivity to clonidine or to any component of the product.Dry mouth; orthostatic hypotension; syncope; somnolence; fatigue; dizziness; headache; risk of rebound hypertension with abrupt withdrawal; risk of decreased blood pressure and decreased heart rate in patients with history of cardiovascular disease, bradycardia, heart block, or hypotension.
DexmethylphenidateFocalin®, Focalin XR®Ages 6 and olderHypersensitivity to methylphenidate; glaucoma; tics or family or personal history of Tourette’s syndrome; history of drug abuse; MAOIs.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; depression; seizures; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence.
Dextroamphetamine sulfateDexedrine®Ages 3 to 16Advanced arteriosclerosis; symptomatic cardiovascular disease; moderate-to-severe hypertension; hyperthyroidism; known hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to sympathomimetic amines; glaucoma; history of drug abuse; MAOIs.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; depression; seizures; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence.
GuanfacineIntuniv®Ages 6 to 17Hypersensitivity to guanfacine or to any component of the product.Dry mouth; orthostatic hypotension; syncope; somnolence; fatigue; dizziness; headache; risk of rebound hypertension with abrupt withdrawal; risk of decreased blood pressure and decreased heart rate in patients with history of cardiovascular disease, bradycardia, heart block, or hypotension.
Lisdexamfetamine dimesylateVyvanse®Ages 6 and olderAdvanced arteriosclerosis; symptomatic cardiovascular disease; moderate-to-severe hypertension; hyperthyroidism; known hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to sympathomimetic amines; glaucoma; history of drug abuse; MAOIsSudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; seizures; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence.
Methylphenidate HClConcerta®Ages 6 to 65Hypersensitivity to methylphenidate; glaucoma; tics or family or personal history of Tourette’s syndrome; history of drug abuse; MAOIs.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; depression; seizures; potential for gastrointestinal obstruction; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence.
Daytrana (transdermal patch)Ages 6 to 17Hypersensitivity to methylphenidate; glaucoma; tics or family or personal history of Tourette’s syndrome; history of drug abuse; MAOIs.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; depression; seizures; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence; contact sensitization.
Metadate CD®, Metadate ER®Ages 6 to 15Hypersensitivity to methylphenidate; hypertension; glaucoma; tics or family or personal history of Tourette’s syndrome; history of drug abuse; MAOIs.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; depression; seizures; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence.
Methylin®Ages 6 and olderHypersensitivity to methylphenidate; glaucoma; tics or family or personal history of Tourette’s syndrome; history of drug abuse; MAOIs.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; depression; seizures; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence.
Ritalin®, Ritalin LA®, Ritalin SR®Ages 6 to 12Hypersensitivity to methylphenidate; glaucoma; tics or family or personal history of Tourette’s syndrome; history of drug abuse; MAOIs.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; depression; seizures; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence.
Mixed salts of a single-entity amphetamine product (dextroamphetamine sulfate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, amphetamine aspartate monohydrate, and amphetamine sulfate)Adderall®, Adderall XR®Ages 6 and olderAdvanced arteriosclerosis; symptomatic cardiovascular disease; moderate-to-severe hypertension; hyperthyroidism; known hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to the sympathomimetic amines; glaucoma; history of drug abuse; MAOIs.Sudden death and preexisting structural cardiac abnormalities; hypertension and other cardiovascular conditions; psychosis; depression; seizures; visual disturbance; drug abuse or dependence.

10.3928/02793695-20120127-01

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