Cases of STDs have reached record high numbers in the past few years, and the epidemic has shown no signs of slowing down. Infectious Diseases in Children asked several experts — including Wei Li Adeline Koay, MBBS, MSc, an infectious diseases specialist at Children’s National Health System — about some of the STDs that are in greatest need of a vaccine.
Almost 40,000 people are diagnosed with HIV annually in the U.S., with youth and young adults comprising the majority of this number. Although pre-exposure prophylaxis and post-exposure prophylaxis are available to reduce HIV transmission in individuals at high risk for HIV, these medications have side effects and must be taken daily, and it can be challenging to ensure adherence. The long-term impact of ART on the gut microbiome, bone mineral density, mitochondrial DNA, renal function and other organs also is not clear.
This activity is supported by an educational grant from Merck & Co., Inc.
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