In the Journals PlusPerspective

Trained rats more successful in diagnosing TB than standard tests

April 14, 2018
African giant pouched rats that are trained to detect tuberculosis identified hundreds of cases that were missed by clinic-based testing in Tanzania…

In the JournalsPerspective

Short-term exposure to air pollution particles causes respiratory infections

April 13, 2018
Researchers have concluded that health care encounters for acute lower respiratory infections in young children, as well as in older children and…

In the Journals

High-flow oxygen effective treatment for bronchiolitis in infants

April 11, 2018
Infants with bronchiolitis who are treated with high-flow oxygen therapy are less likely to require increased care when compared with infants who

FDA News

FDA clears lower respiratory tract infection rapid diagnostic test

April 6, 2018
The FDA has granted de novo clearance of the first molecular diagnostic test for lower respiratory tract infections, according to the manufacturer of…

In the Journals

Severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia includes 3 distinct phenotypes

April 5, 2018
Preterm infants hospitalized in the neonatal ICU diagnosed with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia had three distinct phenotypes, as determined by…

In the Journals

Diuretic treatment for respiratory conditions unsupported for preterm neonates

April 2, 2018
Extremely preterm infants who are treated with diuretics for respiratory conditions are more likely to require more invasive respiratory support

Improving social welfare could reduce most TB incidence worldwide

March 29, 2018
Researchers estimated that reaching WHO’s No. 1 Sustainable Development Goal of ending extreme poverty and expanding social protection could…

In the Journals

UV-C reduces pediatric viral respiratory illness by 44%

March 28, 2018
Disinfecting pediatric long-term care facilities with ultraviolet-C can reduce the incidence of respiratory illnesses caused by viral pathogens

In the Journals

Pertussis vaccine, although effective, offers less protection over time

March 28, 2018
The pertussis vaccine is effective, but its protection decreases over time, and coverage has been incomplete, according to researchers. The findings…

In the Journals

ID mortality rate in US decreases almost 20% since 1980

March 27, 2018
The overall death rate from many infectious diseases decreased by nearly 20% in the United States over 35 years, according to researchers. Only the…

World TB Day: Current rate of progress not enough to eliminate TB

March 24, 2018
Although the incidence of tuberculosis is decreasing in the United States, the CDC recently warned that progress toward the elimination of the…

In the Journals

Pediatric measles infection increases risk of COPD by middle age

March 21, 2018
Although measles infection during childhood is not independently linked to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease — or post-bronchodilator

Feature

Worst flu season in years hits pediatric patients hard

Infectious Diseases in Children, March 2018
The worst influenza season in years has gripped much of the United States, leading to the highest rate of influenza-related hospitalizations in…

Meeting NewsPerspective

1 month of TB prophylaxis as effective as 9 months

March 5, 2018
BOSTON — A 1-month antibiotic regimen to prevent active tuberculosis in patients living with HIV was just as effective and caused fewer adverse…

Guidelines

WHO updates latent TB guidelines

February 24, 2018
WHO released new guidance that aims to expand testing and treatment options for latent tuberculosis, as well as the types of patients that are…

In the JournalsPerspective

Vaping increases susceptibility to pneumococcal infection

February 21, 2018
Researchers found evidence that e-cigarette vapor increases a receptor that pneumococci use to adhere to cells that line the airways. Although the…

In the Journals

Maternal influenza, Tdap vaccinations not tied to infant mortality

February 20, 2018
Influenza and acellular pertussis vaccinations during pregnancy were not associated with hospitalization or death of infants in the first 6 months of…

In the Journals

Valley fever outbreaks more widespread than previously thought

February 14, 2018
Outbreaks of coccidioidomycosis, known as valley fever, have reached beyond areas in which it was previously considered endemic, and most stem from…

What's Your Diagnosis?

10-year-old female presents with severe respiratory distress

Infectious Diseases in Children, February 2018
James H Brien, DO; Theresa Madigan, MD
A previously healthy and fully immunized 10-year-old female presented to her local clinic for evaluation of a recent febrile illness with cough, sore…

In the Journals

Follow-up visits after bronchiolitis provide reassurance for families

February 14, 2018
Follow-up visits scheduled for younger children who had been hospitalized for bronchiolitis offered reassurance for families, according to recently…