Otolaryngology

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Risk for mental disorders higher after strep throat infection

June 8, 2017

Risk for any mental disorder, OCD and tic disorders was higher among individuals aged 18 years or younger with streptococcal or nonstreptococcal throat infection, particularly for those with strep throat.

“In recent years, an increasing body of evidence has pointed toward a critical role of the immune system and infections in the development of mental disorders. Childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and tic disorders have been suggested to be associated with infections caused by group A -hemolytic streptococcus, a hypothesis termed pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection (PANDAS), which are suggested to be caused by molecular mimicry in which antibodies directed toward the streptococcal bacteria cross-react with the basal ganglia of the brain, possibly owing to structural similarities between the streptococcal cell surface and proteins of the basal ganglia,” Sonja Orlovska, MD, of the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues wrote.

In the Journals

Ear injuries from cotton swabs continue among children despite warnings

June 1, 2017
Despite manufacturers’ warnings against using cotton-tipped applicators to clean the inside of the ear, foreign body and tympanic membrane perforation diagnoses…
In the Journals

Children experience no long-term advantages with tonsillectomy

February 23, 2017
Although throat infection, utilization and school absences improved in children who received tonsillectomy compared with those who did not, the benefits did not persist…
In the Journals

Updated cerumen impaction guidelines warn against excessive ear cleaning

January 11, 2017
The American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery recently updated their recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of cerumen impaction…
Original Article

Detecting High Hyperopia: The Plus Lens Test and the Spot Vision Screener

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, May/June 2017, Volume 54 Issue 3
To evaluate the usefulness of the Plus Lens (Goodlite Company, Elgin, IL) test and the Spot Vision Screener (Welch…
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Menstruation: September 2015

Keck School of Medicine of USC and Pediatric Annals

Menstruation is still considered a key developmental milestone, signaling not only passage into young adulthood but…
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In the Journals

Risk for mental disorders higher after strep throat infection

June 8, 2017
Risk for any mental disorder, OCD and tic disorders was higher among individuals aged 18 years or younger with streptococcal or nonstreptococcal…

In the Journals

Ear injuries from cotton swabs continue among children despite warnings

June 1, 2017
Despite manufacturers’ warnings against using cotton-tipped applicators to clean the inside of the ear, foreign body and tympanic membrane…

In the Journals

Children experience no long-term advantages with tonsillectomy

February 23, 2017
Although throat infection, utilization and school absences improved in children who received tonsillectomy compared with those who did not, the…

In the Journals

Updated cerumen impaction guidelines warn against excessive ear cleaning

January 11, 2017
The American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery recently updated their recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of cerumen…

In the Journals

Shortened antimicrobial therapy yields inferior efficacy among young children with AOM

January 4, 2017
Young children treated with short-duration amoxicillin-clavulanate for acute otitis media experienced greater clinical failure compared with children…

In the Journals

Physicians prescribing incorrect antibiotics to treat common conditions

October 26, 2016
Physicians are inappropriately prescribing broad spectrum antibiotics to treat otitis media, sinusitis and pharyngitis in nearly 50% of cases…

In the JournalsPerspective

Cochlear synaptopathy linked to speech comprehension deficits in college students

October 14, 2016
Cochlear synaptopathy, or hidden hearing loss, was associated with college students’ difficulty in comprehending speech in challenging auditory…

In the Journals

Survey reliably assesses parents' knowledge of pediatric sleep disorder, adenotonsillectomy

October 7, 2016
A questionnaire on adenotonsillectomy produced reliable assessments and differences in parental and clinician knowledge and decision-making regarding…

In the JournalsPerspective

Congenital Zika virus increases risk for sensorineural hearing loss

September 29, 2016
Children impacted by congenital Zika virus should be considered at an increased risk for hearing impairment and late-onset hearing loss, warranting…

In the Journals

Early-onset AOM linked to recurrences among Dutch children

September 2, 2016
Initial occurrence of acute otitis media at a younger age, particularly before age 9 months, was strongly associated with recurrent acute otitis…

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