In recent years there has been an increasing interest in ocular problems in children. Pediatricians are expected to have a good understanding of the common ocular disorders that present in children and, in many cases, to initiate therapy.
Of particular importance is the pediatrician's role in vision screening for young children. If every child were to undergo a screening for disturbances in visual acuity sometime during the first 3 years of life, conditions such as amblyopia would be diagnosed and treated earlier. The impact from saving vision in these children would have far-reaching consequences.
In this issue of Pediatric Annals, the information needed to achieve this goal is provided. Practical vision screening is discussed, as are the conditions that may lead to visual loss. The articles on refractive errors and strabismus in the first year succinctly describe these conditions. The reader will learn how to recognize and manage minor ocular trauma and the common entity of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Tips on diagnosing ocular tumors are also presented. Our goal is to increase the comfort level of the pediatrician in dealing with ocular disorders in children by presenting interesting and informative discussions.