To provide current relative up-to-date articles on several important pediatric conditions affecting the lungs of newborns, infants, children, and adolescents. The incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in newborns and of tuberculosis in infants and children both have risen over the past decade, and the pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management principles for these disorders are individually outlined.
Also, outpatient management principles in the 1990s for cystic fibrosis and for asthma patients are reviewed in succinct articles in this issue, and an outline for the differential diagnosis and for systematic evaluation of children with recurrent or persistent pneumonia is provided.
Recommendations are made in an the articles to help primary care providers manage patients with pulmonary disorders in their own office settings, as well as to offer suggestions and guidelines of when to refer appropriately to pediatric pulmonologists for subspecialty guidance and joint following.
HOW TO OBTAIN CIME CREDITS BY READING THIS ISSUE
Pediatricians can receive Category I credits for the Physicians Recognition Award of the American Medical Association by reading the following articles and successfully completing the quiz at the end of the issue. Complete instructions are given on the quiz pages.
The Pretest below has been prepared to assist you in studying the following material. It indicates some of the areas to be covered and will make it possible for you to challenge your present knowledge of the material before reading further.
1. Infection in a premature infant significantly increases the chance of that infant developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPDf.
2. Cystic fibrosis is the second most common lethal inherited disease of Caucasians.
3. Prior bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination always is a contraindication for tuberculin testing.
4. There has been a significant improvement in the morbidity and mortality of childhood asthma over the past decade.
Answers to the Pretest:
IA 2.B 3.B 4.B