It is now some 1 0 years since the first reports of pediatric acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with yearly increasing proportions of AIDS cases being identified among women and children. Practicing pediatricians can no longer be assured of not seeing these patients, nor caring for children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, in their primary care offices and outpatient settings.
This issue of Pediatric Annals provides the primary care pediatric practitioner a series of up-to-date practical articles on the epidemiology, transmission, clinical aspects, and current therapeutic management of HIV infections in the entire pediatric population - newborn, infancy, childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood.
The objective of this issue is to provide in a concise reference the practical terminology and knowledge needed to assist the practitioner in diagnosing and managing this ever-increasing threat to the pediatric population.
HOW TO OBTAIN CME CREDITS BY READING THIS ISSUE
Pediatricians can receive Category I credits for the Physician's Recognition Award of the American Medical Association by reading the following articles and successfully completing the quiz at the end of the issue. Complete instructions are given on the quiz pages.
The Pretest below has been prepared to assist you in studying the following material. It indicates some of the areas to be covered and will make it possible for you to challenge your present knowledge of the material before reading further.
1 . Most adolescent and pregnant women who are HIV infected are symptomatic and easily identified.
2. Women in their reproductive years are the fastest growing HIV-infected population in the United States in the 1 990s.
3. In utero transmission of HIV from mother to infant occurs:
A. Only in the third trimester of pregnancy.
B. In all three trimesters and at delivery.
C. Only at the time of delivery
4. A negative test for HIV means that the individual has not been infected with the HIV virus.
Answers to the Pretest:
1.B 2A 3.B 4.B