Pediatricians may receive three credit hours JH Category 1 for the Physician's Recognition Award of the American Medical Association by reading the material in this issue and successfully answering the questions in the quiz below To obtain credili, follow these instructions.
1. Read each of the articles carefully. Do not neglect the tables and other illustrative materials, as they have been selected to enhance your knowledge and understanding.
2. The following questions have been designed to provide a useful link between the articles in the issue and your everyday practice. Read each question, choose the correct answer and record your answer on the CME Registration Form at the enei of the quiz. Retain a copy of your answers so that they can be compared with the correct answers that will be sent to your later.
3. Type or print your full name and address and your Social Security number in the spaces provided on the CME Registration Form.
4. Send the completed form, with your check or money order for StB made out to PEDIATRI C ANNALS CME CENTER, 6900 Grove Road. Thorofare. N.J. 08086.
5. Your answers will be graded, and you will be adivsed that you have passed (or failed). An answer sheet containing all correct answers will be mailed to you. Review the parts of the articles dealing with any questions you have missed, and read the supplemental material on this aspect of the subject listed in the references in this issue.
6. Be sure to mall the form on or before the deadline listed on the CME Registration Form, so that credit can be awarded. (After that date, the quiz will close, and correct answers will appear in the magazine.) Unanswered questions will be considered incorrect and so scored. A minimum score of 70 must be obtained in order for credits to be awarded.
As An organization accredited for continuing medical education, the Lexon Hill Hospital of New York designates this continuing medical education activity as meeting the criteria lor three credit hours in Category I for Educational Materials for the Physicians Recognition Award of the American Medical Association, provided it has been completed according to instructions.
The Effects of Television on Children and Adolescents
1. School-aged children In the US watch an average of:
A. 1 to 2 hours per day
B. 2 to 3 hours per day
C. 3 to 4 hours per day
D. 4 to 5 hours per day
2. Television Influences children In the following ways:
A. Children learn from television.
B. TV provides a catharsis for children's emotions.
C. Children who watch violent TV tend to be more aggressive in their play
D. Teenagers who watch a lot of soap operas tend to be more sexuaily active and ai ayoungef age.
3. Parenti can modify the effects of television on children and adolescents by:
A. Taking them to see more movies.
B. Encouraging them to watch more TV
C. Limiting number of hours watched.
D. Joining book clubs.
4. The following statements are true about children's programming on TV:
A. Very few "program-length commercials" have been developed to increase toy sales.
B. The three major networks provide 1 to 2 hours per day of children's programming.
C. Unlike every Western European country and Russia, the US does not have any regularly scheduled children's programs on daytime network TV.
D. Toy merchandising is not a major American industry
5. Television over-portrays:
A. Doctors, lawyers, police.
C. Old people.
D. Blacks and Hispanics.
6. Television under-portrays:
A. Successful women.
B. Successful men.
C. Blue-collar workers.
D. Old people.
7. Which of the following statements are true about children's viewing habits?
A. By the time they finish high school, children will have spent more time watching TV than time spent in the classroom.
B. Teenagers watch more TV than younger children.
C. Children from lower socioeconomic groups watch more TV than from higher ones.
D. All of the above.
8. Compared with prime-time shows In the 1960s and 1970s, shows In the 1980s portray:
A. More smokers.
B. Less smokers.
C. The same number of smokers.
D. More doctors who smoke.
9. On prime-time shows and soap operas, alcohol Is:
A. Used as a "social lubricant" at parties.
B. Used to bridge scenes.
C. Rarely consumed.
D. Rarely used by teenagers.
10. Sex on the soap operas:
A. Usually involves more unmarried people than married people.
B. Is rarely explicit.
C. Rarely shows "deviations from the norm" - ie, homosexuals, transvestjtes. etc.
D. Is most frequent on "The Guiding Light."
11. The most widely publicized conclusion of the US Surgeon General was that:
A. Teenage pregnancy rates are increasing because of sex on TV
B. Teenage drug use is increasing because of drug use on TV
C. TV has contributed to a decline in SAT scores.
D. Violence on TV leads to aggressive behavior in children.
12. Time spent viewing television by 6 to 11-year-old children and 12 to 17-year-old children Is directly associated with the prevalence of obesity In these two populations.
13. Food references In TV programs are usually to nutritious foods.
14. Children and adolescents are often portrayed as obese In prime time.
15. Consumption of foods advertised on television Is directly related to time spent viewing.
16. Time spent viewing television has no effect on time spent reading.
17. Children who watch many hours of television do well In reading.
18. Limited TV viewing, 1 to 2 hours per day, may. In some children. Improve reading.
19. Heavy viewing may have an effect on cognitive processIng.
20. Pediatricians and other health care providers are powerless to effect a change In children's television.
ANSWERS TO THE SEPTEMBER QUIZ