Based on this retrospective review, hip joint pathology is the most common clinical entity related to chronic hip and groin pain and, frequently, it relates to femoroacetabular impingement, labral tears and osteoarthritis.
Researchers reviewed clinical records of all hip and groin injuries seen between January 2006 and December 2011 and retrieved full medical records for 894 patients. A team of musculoskeletal radiologists performed imaging, and researchers categorized diagnoses according to five clinical entities using contemporary diagnostic nomenclature.
There were 24 combinations of clinical entities identified with significant differences seen in prevalence pattern based on patient age, sex and sports activity. The researchers found adductor-related pain or pubic bone stress injury rarely presented in isolation and the most common clinical entity was hip joint pathology, which was mainly related to femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) , labral tears and osteoarthritis. Hip joint pathology was also significantly more likely to present in isolation. A higher percent of FAI cases occurred in men, but women presented with a higher percent of labral tears, according to study results. – by Casey Tingle
Disclosure: Rankin reports no relevant financial disclosures.