To understand what emergency medical services (EMS) personnel perceive to be athletic trainers' education and knowledge, which could lead to more efficient education and communication.
In this online survey, 115 EMS personnel from 18 states responded to open-ended questions regarding their perceptions of an athletic trainer. Data analysis followed the general inductive approach. Data credibility was established through multiple analyst triangulation and peer review.
Themes included: (1) protocols are a guiding factor in how EMS personnel handle a situation; (2) EMS personnel possess a lack of knowledge regarding the emergency care domain in athletic trainer education; and (3) previous experiences with athletic trainers guide overall trust level.
Increasing EMS personnel's knowledge of athletic training may aid in the creation of similar protocols. This may also lead to more athletic trainers and EMS personnel reviewing and practicing prior to seasons beginning, which may increase trust.
[Athletic Training & Sports Health Care. 2017;9(4):154–162.]
From Sacred Heart University, Fairfield, Connecticut (ED, JJC); Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia (SHC); and Select Physical Therapy, Stratford, Connecticut (DLJ).
The authors have no financial or proprietary interest in the materials presented herein.
The authors thank Dr. Sarah Benes for her assistance and expertise in creating the survey questions.
Correspondence: Eleni Diakogeorgiou, MBA, ATC, Sacred Heart University, College of Health Professions, 5151 Park Ave., Fairfield, CT 06825. E-mail:
Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated
Received: February 11, 2016
Accepted: December 08, 2016
Posted Online: April 28, 2017