CHICAGO — Cheilectomy may be a reliable procedure for treatment of hallux rigidus, with low revision and pain recurrence rates among patients, according to results presented at the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Annual Meeting.
Daniel J. Fuchs, MD, and colleagues administered a questionnaire about patient satisfaction with surgery, likelihood to undergo the same surgery again, pain recurrence after surgery, shoe wear limitations and ability to perform various activities to 165 patients who underwent cheilectomy for treatment of symptomatic hallux rigidus. Fuchs noted 18%, 70% and 12% of patients had Coughlin and Shurnas grades 1, 2 and 3, respectively.
“We found that 70% of patients had no pain at final follow-up, with 17% of patients having pain relief and then recurrence, and 13% never improved from surgery,” Fuchs said in his presentation here.
Fuchs noted significant improvement in the VAS pain score from 64 to 11.
“Even in the cohort of patients with residual pain, they had improved VAS scores, which was statistically significant,” Fuchs said.
Postoperatively, nine patients reported an increase of pain and nine patients underwent revision surgery at an average of 3.6 years, according to Fuchs. He also noted 75% of patients reported they would undergo the same surgery again. Female gender and younger age were considered risk factors for recurrence of pain, according to Fuchs.
“In terms of patient’s ability to wear shoes postoperatively, 48% of women could wear a 1-inch or higher heel, 25% a flat dress shoe and 27% a comfortable shoe, whereas 84% of men could wear a dress shoe,” Fuchs said. – by Casey Tingle
Sidon E, et al. Long-term follow-up of cheilectomy for treatment of hallux rigidus. Presented at: American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Annual Meeting; Sept. 12-15, 2019; Chicago.
Disclosure: Fuchs reports no relevant financial disclosures.