A diet that includes eating fish twice a week as well as daily intake of fruits and vegetables was associated with reduced risk of developing age-related macular degeneration, according to a study.
Participants in the Rotterdam study, 55 years or older, with no AMD at baseline, were included in a prospective population-based cohort. A total of 4,202 subjects were followed for a mean duration of 9.1 years, with their dietary intake documented in a 170-item food questionnaire and then categorized into food intake patterns.
“Of the 10 food categories, only the category fish reached statistical significance for association with AMD,” the authors wrote.
Even though only 3.7% of participants adhered to a dietary pattern that included 200 g of vegetables per day, fruit twice a day and fish twice each week, the risk for developing incident AMD was statistically significantly lowered, even after results were adjusted for age, sex, total energy intake, smoking, BMI, education and income.
A recommended lifestyle including healthy diet, no smoking and regular exercise should be part of any counseling session for patients at risk for incident AMD, the authors said. – by Scott Buzby
Disclosures: The authors report no relevant financial disclosures.