Journal of Refractive Surgery

The articles prior to January 2012 are part of the back file collection and are not available with a current paid subscription. To access the article, you may purchase it or purchase the complete back file collection here

Original Article 

Comparison of Standard and Aberration-neutral Profiles for Myopic LASIK With the SCHWIND ESIRIS Platform

Diego de Ortueta, MD, FEBO; Samuel Arba Mosquera, MSc; Holger Baatz, MD, FEBO

Abstract

PURPOSE

To compare the induced corneal wavefront aberration of eyes treated for myopia by LASIK with the SCHWIND ESIRIS laser using an aspheric aberration-neutral (Aberration-Free™) ablation profile versus a classical Munnerlyn standard profile.

METHODS

Two consecutive groups of myopic eyes were analyzed. One group (70 eyes) was treated with a standard non-aspheric Munnerlyn profile (standard group, mean spherical equivalent refraction –4.09±1.77 diopters [D] [range: –7.75 to –0.75 D] and mean cylinder 0.78±0.76 D [range: 0.00 to 3.00 D]), and the second group (70 eyes) was treated with the ORK-CAM aspheric aberration-neutral profile (aberration-neutral group, mean spherical equivalent refraction –3.71±1.80 D [range: –8.25 to –0.75 D] and mean cylinder 1.00±0.97 D [range: 0.00 to 4.50 D]). Visual outcome, corneal wavefront data, and topographic changes after 3-month follow-up were compared.

RESULTS

Both groups had a good visual acuity outcome with refractive predictability of ±0.50 D in approximately 96% of the cohort. In terms of safety, one eye in the standard group lost two lines of Snellen visual acuity. In the aberration-neutral group, no eye lost more than one line of Snellen visual acuity and 6% gained more than two lines. Corneal aberrations were measured up to the 7th order (36 Zernike terms). The induced postoperative corneal wavefront aberration at 4.0 and 6.0 mm was compared. At 6.0 mm, corneal coma increased after myopic LASIK by 0.09 µm in the standard group and by 0.07 µm in the aberration-neutral group. The induction of corneal spherical aberrations in the standard group was 0.17 µm (0.22 D) versus 0.09 µm (0.13 D) in the aberration-neutral group. The root-mean-square of induced higher order aberrations was 0.19 µm in the standard group and 0.16 µm in the aberration-neutral group. Topographies showed multifocality of 0.50 D in the standard group and 0.25 D in the aberration-neutral group.

CONCLUSIONS

Both groups had good predictability and safety results. With the aspheric aberration-neutral profile, less corneal wavefront aberration was induced compared to eyes treated with the standard profile. [J Refract Surg. 2009;25:339-349.]

AUTHORS

From Augenlaserzentrum Recklinghausen, Recklinghausen, Germany.

Dr de Ortueta is a consultant and Mr Arba Mosquera is an employee of SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions GmbH (Germany). Dr Baatz has no proprietary interest in the materials presented herein.

Correspondence: Diego de Ortueta, MD, FEBO, Augenlaserzentrum Recklinghausen, Erlbruch 34-36, 45657 Recklinghausen, Germany. Tel: 49 2361 3069770; Fax: 49 2361 3069799; E-mail: Diego.de.Ortueta@augenzentrum.org

Received: September 15, 2007; Accepted: May 6, 2008

Posted online: July 31, 2008

Abstract

PURPOSE

To compare the induced corneal wavefront aberration of eyes treated for myopia by LASIK with the SCHWIND ESIRIS laser using an aspheric aberration-neutral (Aberration-Free™) ablation profile versus a classical Munnerlyn standard profile.

METHODS

Two consecutive groups of myopic eyes were analyzed. One group (70 eyes) was treated with a standard non-aspheric Munnerlyn profile (standard group, mean spherical equivalent refraction –4.09±1.77 diopters [D] [range: –7.75 to –0.75 D] and mean cylinder 0.78±0.76 D [range: 0.00 to 3.00 D]), and the second group (70 eyes) was treated with the ORK-CAM aspheric aberration-neutral profile (aberration-neutral group, mean spherical equivalent refraction –3.71±1.80 D [range: –8.25 to –0.75 D] and mean cylinder 1.00±0.97 D [range: 0.00 to 4.50 D]). Visual outcome, corneal wavefront data, and topographic changes after 3-month follow-up were compared.

RESULTS

Both groups had a good visual acuity outcome with refractive predictability of ±0.50 D in approximately 96% of the cohort. In terms of safety, one eye in the standard group lost two lines of Snellen visual acuity. In the aberration-neutral group, no eye lost more than one line of Snellen visual acuity and 6% gained more than two lines. Corneal aberrations were measured up to the 7th order (36 Zernike terms). The induced postoperative corneal wavefront aberration at 4.0 and 6.0 mm was compared. At 6.0 mm, corneal coma increased after myopic LASIK by 0.09 µm in the standard group and by 0.07 µm in the aberration-neutral group. The induction of corneal spherical aberrations in the standard group was 0.17 µm (0.22 D) versus 0.09 µm (0.13 D) in the aberration-neutral group. The root-mean-square of induced higher order aberrations was 0.19 µm in the standard group and 0.16 µm in the aberration-neutral group. Topographies showed multifocality of 0.50 D in the standard group and 0.25 D in the aberration-neutral group.

CONCLUSIONS

Both groups had good predictability and safety results. With the aspheric aberration-neutral profile, less corneal wavefront aberration was induced compared to eyes treated with the standard profile. [J Refract Surg. 2009;25:339-349.]

AUTHORS

From Augenlaserzentrum Recklinghausen, Recklinghausen, Germany.

Dr de Ortueta is a consultant and Mr Arba Mosquera is an employee of SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions GmbH (Germany). Dr Baatz has no proprietary interest in the materials presented herein.

Correspondence: Diego de Ortueta, MD, FEBO, Augenlaserzentrum Recklinghausen, Erlbruch 34-36, 45657 Recklinghausen, Germany. Tel: 49 2361 3069770; Fax: 49 2361 3069799; E-mail: Diego.de.Ortueta@augenzentrum.org

Received: September 15, 2007; Accepted: May 6, 2008

Posted online: July 31, 2008

10.3928/1081597X-20090401-03

Sign up to receive

Journal E-contents