Short Subjects

Juvenile Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Associated With Atrial Septal Defect

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Volume -2147483648
Online Only, December 10, 2019
A 16-year-old boy presented with acute unilateral painless vision loss associated with a central retinal artery occlusion. Subsequent studies…

Short SubjectsSupplemental Data

Nystagmus in the Diagnosis of Russell Diencephalic Syndrome

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Volume -2147483648
Online Only, December 10, 2019
Russell diencephalic syndrome is a condition in which infants become emaciated in the setting of a decreased or normal caloric intake as the result…

Short Subjects

Pupil-Involving Oculomotor Nerve Palsy Following Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Volume -2147483648
Online Only, December 10, 2019
Ocular complications of adenotonsillectomy are rare. The authors describe a 6-year-old boy who developed mydrasis and limitations of supraduction and…

Short Subjects

Ocular Injuries Associated With Air-Powered Salt Guns

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Volume -2147483648
Online Only, December 10, 2019
This report discusses the potential ocular injuries associated with an air-powered salt gun, a new product that may appeal to children. The authors…

Short Subjects

Equivalence of Oral Fluorescein Angiography to Intravenous Fluorescein Angiography in Evaluating Pediatric Optic Nerve Pathology

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Volume -2147483648
Online Only, December 10, 2019
Differentiating true optic nerve edema from pseudo-optic nerve edema is a diagnostic dilemma faced by pediatric ophthalmologists. This case series…

Q&A: The rise of esports and its effect on vision

November 26, 2019
Esports is quickly becoming one of the most popular global pastimes to play and watch, with its estimated audience already surpassing that of Major…

In the Journals

Use of mask after ROP exam helps minimize stress in infants

November 22, 2019
Using a mask to decrease photosensitivity following screening for retinopathy of prematurity reduced stress in the infants after the examination…

Original Article

Ultra-wide–Field Fundus Autofluorescence for the Detection of Inherited Retinal Disease in Difficult-to-Examine Children

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To assess the sensitivity of ultra-wide–field fundus autofluorescence (UWF-FAF) in comparison to fundus photography and clinical examination in…

Original ArticleSupplemental Data

Regionally Specific Economic Impact of Screening and Treating Retinopathy of Prematurity in Middle-Income Societies in the Philippines

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To estimate the economic effects of implementing a universal screening and treatment program for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in the Philippines…

Original Article

Intact Visuospatial Cognition in Amblyopia: Results From the Gutenberg Health Study

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To determine whether amblyopia interferes with cognitive functions requiring visuospatial processing, measured by the Tower of London (ToL) test. The…

Original Article

Assessment of Corneal and Lens Density in Children With Celiac Disease

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To assess the early changes of corneal and lens density in a pediatric population with celiac disease. One hundred one patients were included in this…

Original Article

Instillation of 5% Povidone-Iodine Ophthalmic Drops Decreases the Respiratory Rate in Children Undergoing Strabismus Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To investigate the effects of topical application of ophthalmic 5% povidone-iodine eye drops, which has been reported to cause apnea in spontaneously…

Original Article

Nasolacrimal Duct Probing for Young Children With Congenital Nasolacrimal Duct Obstructions in China: A 10-Year Systematic Review

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To investigate the success rate of probing for young children with nasolacrimal duct obstructions and the risk factors involved. The medical records…

Original Article

Idiopathic Orbital Pseudotumor Preceding Systemic Inflammatory Disease in Children

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To describe four pediatric cases in which isolated orbital pseudotumor preceded the development of a systemic inflammatory disease by months to…

Original ArticleSupplemental Data

Role of Botulinum Toxin Type A in Cyclic Esotropia: A Long-Term Follow-up

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To describe two patients with childhood cyclic esotropia 8 and 9 years after they underwent botulinum toxin type A treatment to report its long-term…

Original ArticleSupplemental Data

Strabismus Surgery Infection Prophylaxis and Timing of First Postoperative Visit

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
To characterize the practice patterns of pediatric ophthalmologists regarding infection prophylaxis for strabismus surgery and timing of the first…

Review Article

Neurodevelopmental Effect of General Anesthesia on the Pediatric Patient

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
In this article, the authors review the animal and human data on the recent studies looking at the neurotoxicity of general anesthesia in the…

Eye to Eye

Management of Periocular Infantile Hemangioma

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
Mungan: We are going to discuss the management of periocular infantile hemangioma. A 6-week-old female infant is referred by her pediatrician for a…

Editorial

The Risk of General Anesthesia in the First 3 Years of Life

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
When I am asked about the risks for a child undergoing ophthalmic surgery, I describe the possible complications and unexpected outcomes. I also tell…

Whats Your Diagnosis

Irregular Ocular Vessels in an Infant

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, November/December 2019, Volume 56 Issue 6
A 7-week-old boy was referred to the pediatric ophthalmology department for irregular red reflex in the left eye. He was born at 40 weeks' gestation…