From Wills Eye Hospital, Retina Service, Philadelpia, Pennsylvania (ACH); University of Rochester, Rochester, New York (DMK); American Academy of Ophthalmology, San Fransisco, California (FCL); Ophthalmic Consultants of Boston, Boston, Massachusetts (JSH); Minnesota Eye Consultants, Bloomington, Minnesota (RLL); Notal Vision, Manassas, Virginia (SCO, GCC); Beacon Clinical Consultants, Portland, Maine (ELS); and Illinois Retina Associates, Chicago, Illinois (JSP).
Notal Vision supported the conduct of the study and provided editorial and writing assistance.
Drs. Ho, Kleinman, Pollack, and Heier are consultants for Notal Vision. Dr. Lum is an employee of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Dr. Orr reports no relevant financial disclosures. Dr. Chang is an employee of Notal Vision. Dr. Heier has received personal fees from 4D Molecular Therapeutics, Adverum, Aerie, Aerpio, Aldeyra, Alkahest, Allegro, Allergan, Alzheon, Apellis, Array, Asclepix, Eloxx, Galimedix, Genentech/Roche, Generation Bio, Gyroscope, Interface, iRenix, Janssen R&D, jCyte, Kala, Kanghong, Kodiak, NGM Biopharmaceuticals, Notal Vision, Novartis, Ocular Therapeutix, Oculis, Omeicos, Orbit, Regeneron, Regenxbio, Retrotope, Scifluor, Shire, Santen, Stealth, Voyant, from Aerpio, Apellis, Clearside, Genentech, Genzyme, Gyroscope, Hemera, Janssen, jCyte, KalVista, Kanghong, Novartis, Ophthotech, Regeneron, Regenxbio, Stealth, Thrombogenics, and TLC outside the submitted work. Dr. Lindstrom is a consultant for Notal Vision, Alcon, Johnson & Johnson Vision, Bausch Health, Ocular Therapeutix, and Foresight Biotherapeutics. Dr. Pollack has received personal from Genentech, Allergan, Graybug, jCyte, Regeneron, REGENXBIO, and Santen outside the submitted work and is a member of the Board of Directors and Equity Holder for Notal Vision. Ms. Smith reports no relevant financial disclosures.
Writing and editing assistance was provided by Parsons Medical Communications and Dalton & Associates, Inc. All authors reviewed and approved the content.
Address correspondence to Allen C. Ho, MD, Wills Eye Hospital Retina Service, 10th floor, 840 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19107; email:
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