From Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans' Hospital, Columbia, Missouri (GA, AS, MW, SG, NPH, RRM); One-health One-medicine Eye Research Center, Veterinary Medicine & Surgery and Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri (GA, AS, SG, RRM); Chapman University, Irvine, California (AS); and Mason Eye Institute, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri (MW, CWH, NPH, RRM).
The authors have no financial or proprietary interest in the materials presented herein.
Supported in part by the United States Veteran Health Affairs Merit 5I01BX000357 grant (RRM), the National Eye Institute, NIH 2RO1EY017294 grant (RRM), and the University of Missouri Ruth M. Karachi Missouri Ophthalmology Endowment fund (RRM).
Drs. Anumanthan and Sharma contributed equally to this work and should be considered as equal first authors.
The authors thank Mr. Matthew Faubion (medical student) and Mr. Nishant R. Sinha (medical student) for their assistance in fluorescence and quantification.
Study concept and design (RRM); data collection (AS, MW, CWH, SG); analysis and interpretation of data (GA, AS, MW, NPH, RRM); writing the manuscript (GA, AS, MW, CWH, SG); critical revision of the manuscript (NPH, RRM); statistical expertise (GA, AS, SG); obtaining funding (RRM); supervision (RRM)
Correspondence: Rajiv R. Mohan, MSc, PhD, FARVO, University of Missouri, 1600 E. Rollins Road, Columbia, MO 65211. E-mail: