Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

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CME Quiz 

CME Quiz: Outcome and Prognosis of Pediatric Patients With Delayed Diagnosis of Open-Globe Injuries

Abstract

Review the stated learning objectives on the first page of the CME article and determine if these objectives match your individual learning needs.

Read the article carefully. Do not neglect the tables and other illustrative materials, as they have been selected to enhance your knowledge and understanding.

The following quiz questions have been designed to provide a useful link between the CME article in the issue and your everyday practice. Read each question, choose the correct answer, and record your answer on the CME REGISTRATION FORM at the end of the quiz.

Type or print your full name and address and your date of birth in the space provided on the CME REGISTRATION FORM.

Complete the Evaluation portion of the CME Registration Form. Forms and quizzes cannot be processed if the Evaluation portion is incomplete. The Evaluation portion of the CME Registration Form will be separated from the quiz upon receipt at JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY & STRABISMUS. Your evaluation of this activity will in no way affect the scoring of your quiz. NO PAYMENT REQUIRED. You may be contacted at a future date with a follow-up survey to this activity.

Indicate the total time you spent on this activity (reading article and completing quiz). Forms and quizzes cannot be processed if this section is incomplete. All participants are required by the accreditation agency to attest to the time spent completing the activity.

Send the completed form to: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY & STRABISMUS CME Quiz, PO Box 36, Thorofare, NJ 08086.

Be sure to mail the CME Registration Form on or before the deadline listed. After that date, the quiz will close. CME Registration Forms received after the date listed will not be processed.

Your answers will be graded and you will receive a certificate via mail within 4 to 6 weeks advising you whether you have passed or failed. A score of at least 80% is required to pass. Unanswered questions will be considered incorrect.

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education through the joint sponsorship of Vindico Medical Education and the Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus. Vindico Medical Education is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Vindico Medical Education designates this educational activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

In accordance with the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education’s Standards for Commercial Support, all CME providers are required to disclose to the activity audience the relevant financial relationships of the planners, teachers, and authors involved in the development of CME content. An individual has a relevant financial relationship if he or she has a financial relationship in any amount occurring in the last 12 months with a commercial interest whose products or services are discussed in the CME activity content over which the individual has control. Relationship information appears prior to the content.

The audience is advised that this continuing medical education activity may contain references to unlabeled uses of FDA-approved products or to products not approved by the FDA for use in the United States. The faculty members have been made aware of their obligation to disclose such usage.

This CME activity is primarily targeted to pediatric ophthalmologists and ophthalmic surgeons. There are no specific background requirements for participants taking this activity.

Pediatric eye injuries account for what percentage of all eye injuries?

25%.

50%.

75%.

100%.

What percent of eye injuries in children are…

Instructions

  1. Review the stated learning objectives on the first page of the CME article and determine if these objectives match your individual learning needs.

  2. Read the article carefully. Do not neglect the tables and other illustrative materials, as they have been selected to enhance your knowledge and understanding.

  3. The following quiz questions have been designed to provide a useful link between the CME article in the issue and your everyday practice. Read each question, choose the correct answer, and record your answer on the CME REGISTRATION FORM at the end of the quiz.

  4. Type or print your full name and address and your date of birth in the space provided on the CME REGISTRATION FORM.

  5. Complete the Evaluation portion of the CME Registration Form. Forms and quizzes cannot be processed if the Evaluation portion is incomplete. The Evaluation portion of the CME Registration Form will be separated from the quiz upon receipt at JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY & STRABISMUS. Your evaluation of this activity will in no way affect the scoring of your quiz. NO PAYMENT REQUIRED. You may be contacted at a future date with a follow-up survey to this activity.

  6. Indicate the total time you spent on this activity (reading article and completing quiz). Forms and quizzes cannot be processed if this section is incomplete. All participants are required by the accreditation agency to attest to the time spent completing the activity.

  7. Send the completed form to: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY & STRABISMUS CME Quiz, PO Box 36, Thorofare, NJ 08086.

  8. Be sure to mail the CME Registration Form on or before the deadline listed. After that date, the quiz will close. CME Registration Forms received after the date listed will not be processed.

Method for Obtaining Credit Certificate

Your answers will be graded and you will receive a certificate via mail within 4 to 6 weeks advising you whether you have passed or failed. A score of at least 80% is required to pass. Unanswered questions will be considered incorrect.

CME Accreditation

This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education through the joint sponsorship of Vindico Medical Education and the Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology & Strabismus. Vindico Medical Education is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Vindico Medical Education designates this educational activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Full Disclosure Policy

In accordance with the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education’s Standards for Commercial Support, all CME providers are required to disclose to the activity audience the relevant financial relationships of the planners, teachers, and authors involved in the development of CME content. An individual has a relevant financial relationship if he or she has a financial relationship in any amount occurring in the last 12 months with a commercial interest whose products or services are discussed in the CME activity content over which the individual has control. Relationship information appears prior to the content.

Unlabeled and Investigational Usage

The audience is advised that this continuing medical education activity may contain references to unlabeled uses of FDA-approved products or to products not approved by the FDA for use in the United States. The faculty members have been made aware of their obligation to disclose such usage.

Target Audience

This CME activity is primarily targeted to pediatric ophthalmologists and ophthalmic surgeons. There are no specific background requirements for participants taking this activity.

CME Questions

  1. Pediatric eye injuries account for what percentage of all eye injuries?

    1. 25%.

    2. 50%.

    3. 75%.

    4. 100%.

  2. What percent of eye injuries in children are penetrating injuries?

    1. 10%.

    2. 12%.

    3. 16%.

    4. 20%.

  3. Which factor increases the risk for a worse prognosis in an open-globe injury?

    1. Afferent pupillary defect.

    2. Subconjunctival hemorrhage.

    3. Iris sphincter injury.

    4. Associated eyelid laceration.

  4. Delaying surgery beyond what time period has been shown to increase risk of endophthalmitis in other studies?

    1. 12 hours.

    2. 24 hours.

    3. 48 hours.

    4. 72 hours.

  5. A wound greater than what size in an open-globe injury has been demonstrated to be associated with a worse visual outcome?

    1. 2 mm.

    2. 5 mm.

    3. 7 mm.

    4. 10 mm.

  6. What sign is NOT associated with increased suspicion for an open-globe injury in children?

    1. Unilateral red eye.

    2. Eye pain.

    3. Decreased vision.

    4. Subconjunctival hemorrhage.

  7. The most frequent presenting complaint of patients with delayed diagnosis of open-globe injury was:

    1. Red eye.

    2. Decreased vision.

    3. Eye pain.

    4. Leukocoria.

  8. The most common etiology for an open-globe injury in which diagnosis was delayed was:

    1. Knife injury.

    2. Cactus thorn injury.

    3. Pencil injury.

    4. Motor vehicle accident.

  9. Which of the following was NOT a presenting sign in patients who had an open-globe injury with delayed diagnosis?

    1. Red eye.

    2. Decreased visual acuity.

    3. Pain.

    4. Corneal opacity.

  10. Which finding was NOT present at diagnosis in any of the patients who had an open-globe injury with delayed diagnosis?

    1. Ptosis.

    2. Cataract.

    3. Iris rupture.

    4. Endophthalmitis.

10.3928/01913913-20090701-15

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