Research in Gerontological Nursing

Special Focus: Recruitment Challenges 

Ten Commandments of Faith-Based Recruitment

Leanne L. Lefler, PhD, ACNS-BC, APN

Abstract

Recruitment of older adults for clinical research, especially racial/ethnic minorities, is challenging at best. This article reports the author’s experience and reviews current literature regarding faith-based methods to recruit older Black and White women for research. Her work and the literature review suggest 10 major recommendations for faith-based recruitment. Recommendations include: Select only faith institutions with religious leaders who actively advocate and collaborate; select key advisors or “insiders” to facilitate and customize the study; use culturally appropriate and age-sensitive recruitment and study materials; use faith institution facilities and promote access; use incentives; increase “face time”; use existing faith groups to encourage peer support; make it a social event and make it fun; provide personal benefit to participation; and customize spirituality. Involvement with faith institutions may be essential to reach groups who have been underrepresented in research.

Abstract

Recruitment of older adults for clinical research, especially racial/ethnic minorities, is challenging at best. This article reports the author’s experience and reviews current literature regarding faith-based methods to recruit older Black and White women for research. Her work and the literature review suggest 10 major recommendations for faith-based recruitment. Recommendations include: Select only faith institutions with religious leaders who actively advocate and collaborate; select key advisors or “insiders” to facilitate and customize the study; use culturally appropriate and age-sensitive recruitment and study materials; use faith institution facilities and promote access; use incentives; increase “face time”; use existing faith groups to encourage peer support; make it a social event and make it fun; provide personal benefit to participation; and customize spirituality. Involvement with faith institutions may be essential to reach groups who have been underrepresented in research.


Authors

Dr. Lefler is John A. Hartford Foundation and Atlantic Philanthropies Claire M. Fagan Fellow and Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas.

The author discloses that she has no significant financial interests in any product or class of products discussed directly or indirectly in this activity. This research was funded by the John A. Hartford Foundation, Hartford Geriatric Nursing Initiative, and Sigma Theta Tau International, Honor Society of Nursing, Gamma Xi Chapter. The author thanks the key advisors, pastors, and participating churches whose support and commitment made this project possible.

Address correspondence to Leanne L. Lefler, PhD, ACNS-BC, APN, Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W. Markham Street, Slot 529, Little Rock, AR 72205; e-mail: L.Lefler@uams.edu.

Received: April 20, 2009
Accepted: June 23, 2009
Posted Online: September 03, 2009

10.3928/19404921-20090731-07

Sign up to receive

Journal E-contents