Results of a study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society suggest that veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have a greater risk for dementia than veterans without PTSD, even those who incurred traumatic injuries during combat.
The study included 10,481 veterans 65 and older who had been seen at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center at least twice between 1997 and 1999. Outpatient data were gathered for all identified patients until 2008. Participants who had been wounded during combat (with and without a PTSD diagnosis) were also identified to provide a group with confirmed injuries and combat experience. A group with two visits, but no PTSD or combat-related injuries, was identified for purposes of comparison.
Approximately 36% of the veterans in this study had PTSD. Nearly 11% of those with PTSD but not injured and 7.2% of those with PTSD and injured had dementia, compared with 4.5% and 5.9%, respectively, in the non-PTSD groups. These results remained significant after other risk factors of dementia (e.g., diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, stroke) were taken into account.
Interestingly, despite the increased risk for those with PTSD, most veterans with PTSD did not develop dementia during the period studied. The authors noted there could be several explanations for their findings: It could be that cognitive impairment in PTSD is an early marker of dementia, having PTSD makes one more likely to get dementia, or PTSD and dementia have some characteristics in common.
Source.“Pivotal Study Finds Link Between PTSD and Dementia.” (2010, September 2). Retrieved September 30, 2010, from http://www.americangeriatrics.org/press/news_press_releases/id:1126.
A 12-by-24-foot portable, modular medical home can be the answer for families who wish to take care of loved ones on their property as an alternative to long-term care facilities. The MedCottage ( http://www.medcottage.com), equipped with technology and amenities for the health, comfort, and safety of older adults or those recovering from illness or injury, was developed as an alternative model for health care.
MedCottage contains a family communication center that provides telemetry, environmental control, and dynamic interaction to offsite caregivers through smart and robotic technology. Technology inside monitors vital signs, filters the air for contaminants, and communicates with the outside world via high-tech video and cell phone text technology. Sensors alert caregivers to an occupant’s fall, and a computer can remind the occupant to take medications. The technology also provides entertainment, offering a selection of music, reading materials, and movies.
The MedCottage features three rooms:
Features of the MedCottage include:
The MedCottage can be purchased or leased and temporarily placed on the caregiving family’s property. Like an RV, it connects to a single-family house’s electrical and water supplies. It is already authorized for use in Virginia and is designed to comply with local zoning ordinances throughout the nation.
Source.“MedCottage Makes Debut, Introducing New Way to Care for Loved Ones.” (2010, July 19). Retrieved September 30, 2010, from http://medcottage.com/press/press-releases/87-medcottage-makes-debut-introducing-new-way-to-care-for-loved-ones.
Journal of Gerontological Nursing (JGN) readers who pick up the second edition of Geropsychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, published in August by Jones and Bartlett Learning, may notice a pair of familiar names on the cover. The update to the 2005 text is authored by Karen Devereaux Melillo, PhD, GNP, ANP, BC, FAANP, FGSA—a JGN Editorial Advisory Board member—and Susan Crocker Houde, PhD, ANP, BC—one of JGN’s Public Policy section editors. In addition, JGN Editor, Kathleen C. Buckwalter, PhD, RN, FAAN, contributed to the newest edition.
Geropsychiatric and Mental Health Nursing addresses the knowledge and skills necessary in the assessment and nursing care of older adults experiencing common late-life mental health and psychiatric problems. The second edition has been completely revised and…