Journal of Gerontological Nursing

Feature Article 

A Multicomponent Exercise Program for Institutionalized Older Adults: Effects on Depression and Quality of Life

Maria Justine, PT, MSc; Tengku Aizan Hamid, PhD

Abstract

This study examined the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on depression and quality of life in institutionalized older adults. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were recruited from a publicly funded shelter home in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan Malaysia. The experimental group consisted of 23 volunteers 60 or older who performed 60 minutes of supervised exercise three times per week for 12 weeks. The control group consisted of 20 volunteers who continued with a sedentary lifestyle. At 12 weeks, the exercise group demonstrated an improvement in quality of life by 10.74% (p > 0.05) but not depression (−1.6%, p > 0.05). The control group demonstrated a decrease in both quality of life by 11.26% (p > 0.05) and level of depression by 17.7% (p > 0.05). This study suggests a multicomponent exercise program is a feasible intervention to improve quality of life in institutionalized older adults.

Abstract

This study examined the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on depression and quality of life in institutionalized older adults. A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were recruited from a publicly funded shelter home in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan Malaysia. The experimental group consisted of 23 volunteers 60 or older who performed 60 minutes of supervised exercise three times per week for 12 weeks. The control group consisted of 20 volunteers who continued with a sedentary lifestyle. At 12 weeks, the exercise group demonstrated an improvement in quality of life by 10.74% (p > 0.05) but not depression (−1.6%, p > 0.05). The control group demonstrated a decrease in both quality of life by 11.26% (p > 0.05) and level of depression by 17.7% (p > 0.05). This study suggests a multicomponent exercise program is a feasible intervention to improve quality of life in institutionalized older adults.

Ms. Justine is Physiotherapy Lecturer, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, Selangor Darul Ehsan, and Dr. Hamid is Associate Professor and Director, Institute of Gerontology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

The authors disclose that they have no significant financial interests in any product or class of products discussed directly or indirectly in this activity, including research support. The authors thank the following for facilitating the research intervention: the Social Welfare Department, Ministry of Women, Family, and Community Development, Malaysia; the staff and residents of Rumah Seri Kenangan Seremban, Negeri Sembilan; and Kamaria Kamaruddin, Head of Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Address correspondence to Maria Justine, PT, MSc, Physiotherapy Lecturer, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia; e-mail: maria205@salam.uitm.edu.my.

Received: July 19, 2009
Accepted: January 26, 2010
Posted Online: April 27, 2010

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Authors

Ms. Justine is Physiotherapy Lecturer, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, Selangor Darul Ehsan, and Dr. Hamid is Associate Professor and Director, Institute of Gerontology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

The authors disclose that they have no significant financial interests in any product or class of products discussed directly or indirectly in this activity, including research support. The authors thank the following for facilitating the research intervention: the Social Welfare Department, Ministry of Women, Family, and Community Development, Malaysia; the staff and residents of Rumah Seri Kenangan Seremban, Negeri Sembilan; and Kamaria Kamaruddin, Head of Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Address correspondence to Maria Justine, PT, MSc, Physiotherapy Lecturer, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam Campus, 42300 Puncak Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia; e-mail: .maria205@salam.uitm.edu.my

10.3928/00989134-20100330-09

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