Johnson, J.E. Stress, Social Support, and Health in Frontier Elders. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 1998, 24(5):29-35.
1 Frontier elders experience greater physical impairment and more chronic illnesses than older adults who live in urban settings.
2 Life events and chronic strains, which are the primary sources of stress in one's life and can lead to illness, may be buffered by social support.
3 Findings of this study showed that frontier-dwelling elders experienced poor physical health, increased stress, and decreased social support.
4 There are age, gender, and marital differences in stress, social support, and physical health of frontier elders.