Epidemiology and Prevention oi Cardiovascular Diseases in Elderly People World Health Organization Study Group, 1995, Geneva, Switzerland, 68 pages, softcover
This brief monograph is a Technical Report Series, published by the World Health Organization. The Report is a result of a consensus study group convened in 1993. The Report takes a broad world view. Using a population approach, demographics provide comparative longevity rates for most countries in the world. The data contained is already somewhat dated, for example, hypertension is defined as equal to or greater than 160 mmHg systolic and 95 mmHg diastolic. These are not the current benchmarks in the United States.
Global demographic trends point out the need for preventive strategies in developing nations as the world population shifts to increasing numbers of older persons. The epidemiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is presented statistically by comparing each country and their trends for increasing number of elderly. As such this text could serve as a good resource for persons wishing to study CVD in another country.
Each risk factor is briefly examined. Prevention strategies include discussions of using both the population approach and targeting high-risk groups. The discussion of prevention strategies treads over the commonly acceptable strategies. The section on management of elderly patients with lipid abnormalities does not have the latest studies on lipid reducing drugs and is therefore dated. The section devoted to the reduction of CVD in the elderly stresses that efforts should be a national health priority for all countries. The final section on recommendations is particularly important to policy-making groups. The recommendations are divided into general, research, governments, and those for WHO. the report should be valuable for doctoral students, governmental agencies, state aging services, major library depositories, and university libraries.