HOW TO OBTAIN CONTINUING EDUCATION UNITS BY READING THIS ISSUE
Instructions: Registered nurses may receive three contact hours by reading the article noted below and successfully answering the questions in the following post-test. To obtain continuing education unit credit:
1. Read the article, "Slowing the Aging Process with Physical Activity" on page 4, carefully noting the tables and other illustrative materials which are provided to enhance your knowledge and understanding of the content.
2. Read each question and record your answer on the registration form provided.
3. Type or print your full name and address and your social security number in spaces provided on the registration form.
4. Forward the completed form with your check or money order for $12 made out to University of Maryland, School of Nursing. Photocopies of the quiz are not acceptable; use only the original quiz.
Continuing Education Unils: Contact hours are granted by The University of Maryland School of Nursing Continuing Education Program which is accredited by the Eastern Regional Accrediting Committee of the American Nurses' Association. SLACK Inc. and University of Maryland School of Nursing are co-providers of this continuing education home study program.
Answers to the post-test will be graded and you will be advised that you have passed or failed within 60 days of receipt of your completed test. A score of 70% or above will comprise a passing grade. A certificate will be awarded to participants who successfully complete the test.
Ten contact hours of participation in an educational offering is awarded one CEU. A contact hour is 50 minutes of instruction. Contact hour verification can only be awarded at the completion of a program.
CONTACT HOUR UNITS RECEIVED FOR SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF THE POST-TEST MAY BE USED FOR CERTIFICATION OR RECERTIFICATION CREDIT.
Objectives: After reading the article, "Slowing the Aging Process with Physical Activity," in this issue, the participant will be able to:
1. Identify age-related changes in structural and functional capacities of the circulatory, musculoskeletal, and regulatory systems.
2. Identify the reported effects of exercise on agerelated changes in the circulatory, musculoskeletal, and regulatory systems.
3. Relate exercise interventions that slow the decline in functional capacity to improved quality of life for the elderly.
4. Make calculations necessary for the appropriate exercise prescriptions to attain desired effects on systems.
Directions: Encircle the letter of the best answer on the registration form provided.
1. Schilke's review of the literature identified age-related effects on the cardiovascular system which include:
A. Increase in maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max), decreased cardiac output, and maximal heart rate.
B. Decrease in VO2 max, increase in maximal heart rate, and lower systemic vascular resistance.
C. Decrease in VO2 max, decrease in maximal heart rate, and higher systemic vascular resistance.
D. Increase in VO2 max, increased maximum heart rate, and increased cardiac output.
2. Schilke reports that exercise training modifies the age-related cardiovascular changes in the following ways:
A. Endurance training can reduce systemic vascular resistance and the mean blood pressure.
B. High intensity exercise (75% of resting heart rate) is essential for improvement of VO2 max.
C. High intensity training eliminates agerelated VO2 max decline if the training is initiated in youth and maintained.
D. The VO2 max and cardiac output are not significantly affected by consistent endurance training.
3. In order to attain and maintain the positrve effects of exercise on serum lipids and lipoproteins:
A. The regimen consists of exercises of intensity (at least 60% of maximal heart rate) daily.
B. The regimen includes daily endurance activities for at least 1 hour.
C. The regimen must include endurance activities every 48 hours.
D. The regimen must include exercise consistency (physical activity every other day) and exercise intensity (at least 60% of maximal heart rate).
4. Findings associated with the effects of exercise on the musculoskeletal system include all of the following except:
A. There is an age-related decline in muscle strength and flexibility.
B. Skeletal muscle endurance does not follow the age-related decline pattern.
C. Physical training significantly decreases age-related decline in flexibility and joint movement.
D. Muscle power capacity is improved temporarily by an increase in muscle temperature.
5. Schilke reports studies in which elderly women who exercised for 1 hour two to three times weekly for 8 months demonstrated:
A. Calcaneus bone mineral loss.
B. Increase in bone minerai content.
C. No change in bone density.
D. Decrease in bone mass.
6. Opposing the age-related changes in body composition, exercise effects include:
A. Slowing of protein synthesis and decrease of lean body mass.
B. Stimulation of protein synthesis and higher levels of body fat.
C. Increase of protein wasting and decrease of adipose.
D. Increase of lean body mass and decrease of body fat stores.
7. Exercise therapy may improve agerelated thermoregulatory changes by:
A. Increasing heat dissipation, enhancing shivering, increasing muscle mass, and increasing oxygen consumption.
B. Decreasing heat dissipation, enhancing shivering, increasing muscle mass, and decreasing oxygen consumption.
C. Increasing core temperatures during exercise, increasing muscle mass, decreasing sweating rate, and decreasing oxygen consumption.
D. Reducing sweating rate, reducing forearm vasodilatation, decreasing muscle mass, and increasing oxygen consumption.
8. Age-related declines in nervous system functions include all of the following except:
A. Decreased cerebral blood flow and decreased oxygen consumption.
B. Changes in sleep pattern and cognitive functions.
C. Increase in nerve conduction and brain weight.
D. Changes in psychological parameters and responses.
9. Schilke concludes that the studies produce better evidence for nervous system improvements related to exercise in the area of:
A. Cognitive functioning and memory tests.
B. Psychological parameters of anxiety and depression.
C. Sleep patterns.
D. Nerve conduction.
10. Using the formula presented by Schilke, compute the exercise heart rate for an exercise intensity prescription at 60% of maximal heart rate, for a client aged 60 years with a resting heart rate of 80/min. Which of the following statements is accurate?
A. The maximum heart rate is 150.
B. The heart rate reserve is 70.
C. The exercise heart rate is 128.
D. None of the above.