HOW TO OBTAIN CONTINUING EDUCATION UNITS BY READING THIS ISSUE
Registered nurses may receive three contact hours by redding the articles in this issue and successfully answering the questions in the following post-test. Ta obtain continuing education unit credit:
1. Read the articles carefully noting the tables and other illustrative materiah which are provided to enhance your knowledge and understanding of the content.
2. Read each question and record your answer in the registration form provided.
3 . Type or print your full name and address and your social security number in spaces provided on the registration form.
4. Forward the completed form with your check or money order for $12 made out to University of Maryland, School of Nursing.
Continuing Education Units
Contact hours are granted by The University of Maryland School of Nursing Continuing Education Program which is accredited by the Eastern Regional Accrediting Committee of the American Nurses' Association. SLACK Inc. arid University of Maryland School of Nursing are co-providers of this continuing education home study program.
Answers to the post-test will be graded and you will be advised that you have passed or failed within 60 days of receipt of your completed test. A score of 70% or above will comprise a passing grade. A certificate will be awarded to participants who successfully complete the test.
Ten contact hours of participation in an educational offering is awarded one CEU. A contact hour is 50 minutes of instruction. Contact hour verification can only be awarded at the completion of á program.
CONTACT HOUR UNITS RECEIVED FOR SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF THE POST-TEST MAY BE USED FOR CERTIFICATION OR RECERTIFICATION CREDIT.
Directions: Encircle the letter of the best answer on the registration form provided.
1. The only disease that affects more individuals in the 45+ âge group than chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is
a. cancer of the lung
b. heart disease
d. cancer of the intestine
2. For an effective COPD education program, the nurse must first
a. encourage intake of 10 to 12 glasses of fluid per day
b. demonstrate pursed lip breathing
c. identify any verbal impairments
d. prohibit use of coffee or tea
3. A client with COPD exhibits
a. forced inspirations
b. increased viscosity of secretions
c. decreased tidal volume
d. increased blood carbon dioxide levels and increased blood pH
4. A client with COPD should be encouraged to
a. clean and sterilize/disinfect inhalation devices biweekly
b. practice inhaling slowly and exhaling quickly
c. conserve muscle strength by breathing sha I lowly
d. participate in an exercise program
5. The "Double Jeopardy" experienced by black elders refers to
a. poor health and poor housing
b. the history of slavery and the long-term effects on self esteem
c. poor health coupled with limited access to health services
d. ageism and racism
6. Thomas postulated that meditation/relax ation training would be helpful for all of the following reasons except
a. to improve sleep patterns
b. to augment coping abilities
c. to conserve adaptive energies
d. to improve happiness
7. According to Thomas, the elderly may experience a decreased ability to maintain homeostasis due to
a. an inability to relax
b. diminishing self esteem
C. decreasing adaptive capacities
d. high anxiety levels
8. Thomas' study found that
a. there was successful carryoverof meditation/reUxation training from group sessions to daily activities
b. the blood pressure of both the meditation/relaxation training and the didactic stress management group dropped post- i ? iervention
C. women who received didactic stress management did not benefit from the sessions
d. the women who practiced meditation/ relaxation skills reported greater lite satisfaction than women who received didactic stress management
9. An important function of the nurses who fed the health education classes was to
a. emphasize the didactic components
b. closely follow the agenda established for the class
c. facilitate group process
d. emphasize achievement of each learning objective
10. A method that was used to initiate discus Sion in these groups of elderly individuals was
b. reality orientation
c. life review
d. trigger films
11. A technique used to improve the group experience was
a. showing long films to maintain interest
b. having separate classes for (he hearing impaired
c. not including elders with attentional deficits in the group
d. using a flip chart to summarize content
12. How were the nurse leaders influenced by the group?
a. They became more comfortable discussing emotional laden issues.
b. They became more tolerant of individual differences.
c. They developed a stronger knowledge base on age- related biopsychosocial changes.
d. The group had no impact upon the nurses.
13. When decisions have to be made in the care of the elderly, all of the following are ethical principles that could be utilized except
14. With the ethical principles. Job and Anema suggest utilization of
a. family system theory
b. the therapeutic process
C. a counseling model
d. anticipatory guidance
15. An issue that may arise when applying deontologica! ethical principles is that
a. individuals may be used as a means to an end
b. the rationality of individuals is not recognized
c. family and individual goals may conflict
d. group rather than the individual desires are more important
16. In assisting families to make decisions about the care of a competent, rational elderly family member, nurses must recognize that
a. only the desires of the elder need to be considered
b. all family member's goals should be considered
c the input of the family member who will be responsible for future care should be given more weight
d. legal counsel should be sought
1 7. There is a decline in work capacity expe- : rienced by sedentary persons between the ages of 30 and 70. Inactivity may account for
a. one-half of this change
b. one-third , of this is change
c one-quarter of this change
d. one-eighth, of this change
18. The main purpose of conditioning exercises for the elderly is to
a. increa se muscle strength
b. increase, body temperature
c. improve aerobic capacity
d. prevent vepous pooling in lower extremities.
19. A probable 'benefit of exercise is
a. increasing sympathetic tone
b. increasing platelet aggregation
c. decreasing stroke volume
d. increasing coronary vesselsize.
20. In order to achieve physical benefits from aerobic exercise, clients should be encouraged to
a. exercise at 90% of the maximal heart rate
b. exercise 3-4 times/week
c select an activity like golf òr yoga,
d. exerc ise for at I east 1 0 m in utes