The Third Annual Nursing Research Conference held by the North Centrai Regional Medical Education Outer, September 6-7, 1979, focused on gerontological nursing research. An attendance of 100 registered nurses attested to the growing interest and need for research in gerontological nursing. The meeting, was coordinated and directed by Gloria Mayer, EdD; FAAN: -the Associate Chief of Nursing. Research at the Veterans Administration Medical Center in Minneapolis, the conference site. The Minneapolis VA is one of eight GREGG's or Geriatric Research; Education and Clinic Centers in the US.
The keynoter for the first day, Ruth Bryce, RN, Edp, spoke to the growing needs of the expanding numbers of agihg veterans. She stressed the importante of a nursing emphasis that reflects a broad perspective, while inculcating a research attitude. In particular nurses- must investigate- and assess the impact of nursing interventions.
Dorothy Lundin, RN, MS, presented a study on "Drug Taking Behavior of the Independent Elderly Before and After Instruction.'' This was an exploratory pilot study based on a survey taken a few years before the current study. Sixty-one subjects were divided into five groups: for treatment purposes.
Mary E, Lund, RN, PhD presented a paper based on her doctoral dissertation V The Social Organization of Drug Management in Two Nursing Homes. This study consisted of a field study designed to examine the daily management and to assess the applicability of the legislated model.1 The roles of physicians, nurses, pharmacists, and ancillary staff were analyzed to determine their impact on drug treatment in the two nursing homes.
Cornelia M. Beck, RN. PhD, described her doctoral dissertation that investigated. "The Comfortable Interpersonal Distance of the Aged." This was a comparative study using the Duke and Nowicki's Comfortable Interpersonal Distance Scale in 30 each older male and female clients in the community and nursing homes and 30 each younger subjects.
Impact of taping the voices of significant others during stressful periods was - presented by Mary Alverman, RN, BS. This exploratory study used the grafting of stress by means of the Psychological Stress Evaluator on 40 subjects.
The second day was initiated by a keynote address from Thelma Wells, RN, PhD. Dr. Wells offered several tools to use for implementing research findings in clinical practice. She stressed the need for replication of current studies and critical analysis of reported research methodology and findings.
Mary Ann Matteson, RN, MSN, described her study of use of reminiscence therapy in a group of depressed institutionalized elderly. The Zung Depression Scale was used in a pre- and post-test design with an experimental and control group.
The prioritizing of nursing activities by older patients was compared to nursing personnel in a study described by Carol Smith, RN, MSN, Eva Colligan, RN, and Tina Soline. RN, BSN. The sample used 30 self-care nursing home residents, 29 RNs, and 14 LPNs or nursing aides. Physical and psychosocial care activities were rated by the respondents to identify idifferences in role expectations.
Marcella Davis, DNSc, FAAN, presented her research on the patients' participation in providing continuity of care. This was a qualitative study using both intensive interviews and field observation that took place over a two-year period, using the Constant Comparative Method that allows for a continual sharpening of research focus and direction. This study will be published in the Journal of Medical Sociology.
H, Terri Brower, EdD, FAAN, discussed her study of 'Registered Nurses Attitudes Towards the Elderly via the Kogan Scale,'' The study cohort consisted of 581 RNs located in four types of health care organizations. The nurses work settings, age, educational level, and extent of work with the elderly patient and their relationship to stereotypical attitudes towards the aged were investigated.
The use of supportive services was assessed for a home care caseload of 65+ by Deborah Mize. RN, MSW. This paper was based on a Master's thesis and used a sample of 49 records from a public health home rare program, informal service, other health related services, and nursing services utilization were compared in terms of disability levels to age grouping and sex grouping.
Dr. Virginia Stone provided the summarization of the conference. She stressed the need to do more research into the growing older adult group, the old-old age group as compared to the young-old. Dr. Stone commented on each study and stressed its relevance to clinical practice.
H. Terri Brower, and Gloria Mayer