Leaders are defined by traits, behaviors, roles, and functions, yet little is described about their responsibilities linked to standards and policy development. Presented in this article is a four-point organizational framework (primary, procedural, population-specific, and public) that is useful for establishing patient, institutional, and public policies central to leadership. Leader responsibility for communicating minimum standards is contrasted with setting optimal practice expectations.
J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017;48(5):203–205.
Dr. Bleich is President and Chief Executive Officer, NursDynamics, Chesterfield, Missouri.
The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise.
Address correspondence to Michael R. Bleich, PhD, RN, FAAN, President and Chief Executive Officer, NursDynamics, 2702 Wynncrest Manor Drive, Chesterfield, MO 63005; e-mail:
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