Anxiety, depression, adverse health common in child-diagnosed DMDD
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, or DMDD, during childhood was associated with long-term impaired functioning that was often worse than other psychiatric disorders, according to data from a population-based study.
Symptoms of DMDD were assessed among 1,420 adolescents via interviews conducted up to six times from age 10 to 16 years. Young adults (n=1,273) were interviewed three times, at age 19, 21 and 24 to 26 years, for psychiatric and functional outcomes such as health, risky/illegal behavior, financial/educational functioning and social functioning.
According to researchers, a history of childhood DMDD was associated with higher levels of anxiety and depression in young adults. Compared with individuals without psychiatric disorders or those with other psychiatric disorders in childhood or adolescence, participants with a history of childhood DMDD had a higher likelihood of meeting criteria for at least one adult psychiatric disorder.
Additionally, negative health outcomes, impoverishment, police contact and low educational attainment were more likely among those with a history of DMDD compared with participants without a psychiatric disorder, or those with other disorders in childhood or adolescence, according to the researchers.
“The long-term prognosis of children with DMDD is one of pervasive impaired functioning that in many cases is worse than that of other childhood psychiatric disorders,” the researchers concluded.
Disclosure: Please see the full study for disclosure information.