Weight loss, behavior change prevents changeover from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes
SAN FRANCISCO — An initiative that consisted of weight loss and physical activity markedly reduced the number of new cases of type 2 diabetes in a cohort of adults with prediabetes, according to study data presented at the American Diabetes Association Scientific Sessions.
“We have known for many years that lifestyle change can reduce the risk of prediabetes converting to type 2 diabetes,” Ian Macdonald, PhD, professor of metabolic physiology at the University of Nottingham, United Kingdom, told Healio.
“This study shows a highly effective strategy involves initial meal replacement to achieve weight loss followed by a 3-year period of weight maintenance.”
Patients with prediabetes were first assigned a low-calorie diet via meal replacement (800 kcal per day) for 2 months; then asked to follow either a high protein/low-glycemic index diet or a moderate-protein/moderate-glycemic index diet; and finally, to increase physical activity to either 75 minutes of high-intensity exercise or 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise weekly. Of the 962 patients enrolled in the study only 62 patients progressed to type 2 diabetes.
For more Healio coverage of this study, click here. – by Janel Miller and Regina Shaffer
Reference: Macdonald I. Prevention of diabetes through lifestyle intervention — results from the multicenter PREVIEW study. Presented at: American Diabetes Association 79th Scientific Sessions; June 7-11, 2019; San Francisco.
Disclosures: Macdonald reports he serves on advisory boards for Mars, Nestlé, Novozymes and Zaluvida, and has received speaking fees from the British Nutrition Foundation and the Nutrition Society.