January 25, 2016
2 min read
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Latest research on prediabetes for primary care physicians

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One out of three adults in the United States currently has prediabetes, according to the CDC. The agency also reports that nine out of 10 of these adults don't know that they have it and many will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years without intervention.

Healio.com/Internal Medicine presents the latest research, information and expert opinion on prediabetes for physicians, including screening, risk factors, biomarkers and possible treatments.

Medical nutrition therapy appears to benefit patients with prediabetes

Compared with a usual care program, patients with prediabetes and overweight or obesity experienced significantly decreased HbA1c levels and diabetes risk score through medical nutrition therapy. Read more.

Web-based program aids adults with prediabetes in lowering glycemic markers

Adults with prediabetes who participated in an automated, Internet-based diabetes management program saw improvements in HbA1c, glycemic markers and weight loss, according to presented study findings. Read more.

VIDEO: Prediabetes screening essential for preventing type 2 diabetes

K.M. Venkat Narayan, MD, MSc, MBA, this year’s recipient of the Kelly West Award for Outstanding Achievement in Epidemiology, discusses the many important factors that would help contribute to the prevention of diabetes. Narayan said one of the most important factors would be to identify and provide strong lifestyle interventions to people with prediabetes. Watch here.

Biomarker in prediabetes may help prevent type 2 diabetes

A newly identified biomarker present in people with prediabetes could help prevent development of type 2 diabetes, according to recent study findings published in Clinical Epigenetics. Read more.

Nearly half of US population estimated to have diabetes, prediabetes

Recent data indicate that nearly half of the U.S. adult population has diabetes or prediabetes, with prevalence of diabetes estimated at 12% to 14% and prediabetes estimated at 37% to 38% in 2011 to 2012, according to recent study findings published in JAMA. Read more.

Marijuana use in early adulthood may increase prediabetes risk in middle age

Young adults who self-reported smoking marijuana had a greater risk for developing prediabetes by middle adulthood when compared with adults who reported never smoking marijuana, according to research in Diabetologia. Read more.

Adults aware of prediabetes status more likely to exercise, lose weight

Adults who are aware of their prediabetes status are more likely to engage in activities that will reduce their risk for developing type 2 diabetes, including exercise and weight management behaviors, according to research in American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Read more.

VIDEO: Flip side of weight loss is health gain for people with prediabetes

Patients with obesity and prediabetes who lose weight can regain normal blood glucose levels, according to Carel le Roux, MBChB, MSC, FRCP, FRCPath, PhD, in a video interview. Le Roux presented data from the SCALE prediabetes study at ObesityWeek 2015. Watch here.

Lifetime risk for prediabetes, diabetes increases with BMI, waist circumference

Middle-aged adults with normoglycemia have a nearly 50% remaining lifetime risk for developing prediabetes, whereas those with prediabetes have a 31% remaining lifetime risk for developing diabetes, according to research in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology. Read more.

Sildenafil may improve insulin sensitivity in prediabetes

Insulin sensitivity in those with prediabetes was improved with sildenafil treatment, according to recent study findings published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Read more.