Shoulder arthroplasty with inlay glenoid component linked with improved outcomes
Anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty with an inlay glenoid component and a stemless, ovoid humeral head led to a high rate of return to occupational and sporting activities and improved clinical outcomes, according to published results.
Gregory P. Nicholson, MD, an associate professor in the department of orthopedic surgery at Rush University Medical Center, and colleagues analyzed information for 27 shoulders in a retrospective review of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) with an inlay glenoid component, specifically in young, active patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up.
“We know that traditional TSA in younger patients – just like hip and knee replacement – has a higher, earlier failure rate,” Nicholson told Healio Orthopedics. “This younger, active population is typically still in the workforce and has higher recreational activity levels that they don’t want to give up.”
“In this higher activity level and younger population, I attempted to avoid the onlay failure by utilizing the best material combination of metal and plastic,” Nicholson said. “The Arthrosurface OVO with inlay glenoid is a modern TSA with two important features: The glenoid is inlayed into the subchondral bone level of the glenoid face, and the humeral head component is aspherical or ovoid shaped. This is closer to normal anatomy and has been shown to biomechanically transmit force across the glenoid less than traditional spherical heads.”
“The system is bone sparing, has numerous biomechanical advantages, and the ‘symbiotic’ relationship between the inlay glenoid component and the subchondral surface bone provides excellent pain relief, range of motion, and return to work and recreational activity,” Nicholson added.
The results showed significant improvements in patient-reported outcome measures and range of motion with no reoperations, according to the study abstract. The rate of return to work was 92.6%, with 76% of patients making a full recovery back to preoperative occupational demand levels.
“I think [the results] will stimulate more investigation on the kinematics of these types of TSA procedures with inlay glenoid components and the potential advantage of an aspherical humeral head shape,” Nicholson said. “There is another option to traditional stemmed TSA that can provide consistent pain relief, functional return and allow a higher activity level. This can allow patients of all walks of life to maintain a livelihood they may not have been able to continue with otherwise,” he added.