April 25, 2018
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Functional health literacy affects postoperative recovery in patients undergoing day surgery

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Poorer postoperative recovery and a lower health-related quality of life correlated with inadequate functional health literacy in patients who underwent day surgery, according to a recent study published in JAMA Surgery.

Researchers from Sweden conducted an observational study of data from a previous randomized clinical trial composed of 704 patients who underwent day surgery. The Swedish web version of Quality of Recovery (SwQoR) in the functional health literacy groups 14 days after surgery served as the primary endpoint. Other endpoints included health care contacts, EuroQol-VAS and SF-36 health survey in the functional health literacy groups.

Overall, 427 patients reported sufficient functional health literacy, 223 patients had problematic functional health literacy and 54 patients had inadequate functional health literacy. Investigators reported the SwQoR global score demonstrated poor recovery in patients with inadequate and problematic functional health literacy. Additionally, the global score of SwQoR for patients with inadequate functional health literacy significantly differed from the score of those with sufficient functional health literacy.

The findings also showed that patients with inadequate or problematic functional health literacy, compared with those with sufficient functional health literacy, had a lower health-related quality of life regarding EuroQol-VAS scores, physical function, bodily pain, vitality, social functioning, mental health and physical component score. No differences were seen among the functional health literacy groups regarding health care contacts. – by Monica Jaramillo

Disclosures : The researchers report no relevant financial disclosures.