Quality of life may be lower for early glaucoma patients who undergo surgery
Patients with early glaucoma who underwent glaucoma surgery may have a lower quality of life due to the psychological impact, according to a study.
The cross-sectional study enrolled 225 patients and used the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire to determine aspects of visual ability in 12 subscales, including general health, general vision, ocular pain, near and distance vision, social function, mental health, role limitations, dependency, driving, and color and peripheral vision.
The patients were divided into three groups: 82 patients in group 1 received medical treatment, 47 patients in group 2 received surgical treatment, and 96 patients in group 3 received medical and surgical treatment.
The two subscales that were most affected by surgery were mental health and peripheral vision.
Patients in group 1 who received only medical treatment had better quality-of-life performance than those patients in groups 2 and 3 who underwent surgery.
Patients with early glaucoma had a lower quality of life compared with patients with moderate and advanced forms of glaucoma, possibly due to a greater psychological burden.