In the Journals Plus

Insulin pump therapy more costly than daily injections in type 1 diabetes

Toresson Grip E, et al. Diabetes Care. 2019;doi:10.2337/dc18-1850.
Health care costs are higher for Swedish adults with type 1 diabetes who use insulin pump therapy compared with those who use multiple daily…
In the Journals Plus

Parental smoking in childhood influences bone parameters in adulthood

Juonala M, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-02501.
Children exposed to parental smoking are more likely to show evidence of impaired bone health in adulthood, including reduced bone mass, lower bone…
In the Journals Plus

PD-1 blockade may increase risk for, severity of TB infection

Barber DL, et al. Sci Transl Med. 2019;doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aat2702
A type of cancer immunotherapy may increase the risk for and severity of tuberculosis infection, according to a recent report. The outcomes of two…
In the Journals Plus

Type 2 diabetes risk heightened by PCOS independent of BMI

Kakoly NS, et al. Diabetes Care. 2019;doi:10.2337/dc18-1738.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes compared with women without PCOS, regardless of BMI and age…
In the Journals Plus

Traditional risk factors ‘contribute greatly’ to disease in adults with HIV

Althoff KN, et al. Lancet HIV. 2019:doi:10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30295-9.
Study findings showed that traditional risk factors such as smoking, high cholesterol, hypertension and chronic hepatitis C virus infection…
In the Journals Plus

ESRD risk lower than expected in type 2 diabetes

Finne P, et al. Diabetes Care. 2019;doi:10.2337/dc18-1485.
End-stage renal disease risk for adults with type 2 diabetes may be lower than assumed, with the competing risk for death among older adults a…
In the Journals Plus

Monitoring vancomycin AUCs may prevent kidney injury

Aljefri DM, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz051.
The risk for acute kidney injury may be reduced if vancomycin area under the curve dosing measured within the first or second 24 hours is lower than…
In the Journals Plus

CVD leading cause of death in Cushing's disease

Ragnarsson O, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-02524.
Swedish adults with Cushing’s disease are three times more likely to die of cardiovascular disease vs. the overall Swedish population, with the…
In the Journals Plus

Osteomyelitis associated with higher rate of fragility fracture at any site

Hsieh E, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz077.
Among older men with osteomyelitis, the rate of fragility fracture at any major osteoporotic site is 78% higher compared with those without…
In the Journals Plus

GH therapy improves psychosocial health in boys with short stature

Shemesh-Iron M, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2019;doi:10.1111/cen.13944.
Prepubertal boys with idiopathic short stature who received growth hormone therapy for 4 years experienced an improvement in self-esteem and social…
In the Journals Plus

Correlation between HIV, rectal gonorrhea could help PrEP trial designs

Mullick C, Murray J. J Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiz037.
Study findings showed a correlation between the incidence of rectal gonorrhea and HIV infection among men who have sex with men who are not using…
In the Journals Plus

Serum iodine level associated with thyroid function in pregnancy

Pan Z, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2019;doi:10.1111/cen.13945.
Chinese women with a low serum iodine concentration during pregnancy were 2.4 times more likely to develop hypothyroxinemia vs. women with a higher…
In the Journals Plus

Influenza B associated with similar illness severity, ICU admission rate as influenza A

Korem M, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz053.
Patients with influenza B had similar rates of associated disease severity and ICU admission compared with patients with influenza A(H1N1) during two…
In the Journals Plus

Interaction between frailty, fractures provides insight for 'diabetes bone paradox'

Li G, et al. Diabetes Care. 2019;doi:10.2337/dc18-1965.
Diabetes was shown to increase frailty, which could compound the effect of the disease on fragility fracture risk, according findings published in…
In the Journals Plus

Mammography, improved treatment prevented up to 614,500 breast cancer deaths since 1989

Hendrick RE, et al. Cancer. 2019;doi:10.1002/cncr.31954.
Mammography screening and improved treatments have prevented…
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