In the Journals PlusPerspective

Early follow-up associated with lower risk for readmission in OPAT patients

Saini E, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz073.
Among patients receiving outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy, or OPAT, follow-up with an infectious disease physician within 2 weeks was…
In the Journals Plus

GH receptor genotype may influence response to therapy in adults

Bianchi A, et al. J Neuroendocrinology. 2019;doi:10.1111/jne.12692.
Among adults with growth hormone deficiency, the presence of a specific GH receptor allele influenced the level of response to GH therapy over 5…
In the Journals Plus

Re-exposure to antibiotics increases risk for VRE recolonization

Hughes HY, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2019;doi:10.1017/ice.2019.15.
Findings from a retrospective cohort study showed that colonization with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, or VRE, is significantly associated with…
In the Journals Plus

Multiple CGM systems provide comparable performance, usability

Freckmann G, et al. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2019;doi:10.1177/1932296819826965.
Three continuous glucose monitoring systems were shown to provide similar accuracy in adults with type 1 diabetes compared with self-monitoring blood…
In the Journals Plus

Serum catestatin may predict metabolic, CV risk in children, adolescents

Simunovic M, et al. Pediatr Diabetes. 2019;doi:10.1111/pedi.12825.
Children and adolescents with obesity have lower levels of serum catestatin — an endogenous peptide found to be negatively associated with…
In the Journals Plus

Type 2 diabetes weakens immune function

Kim JH, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2019;doi:10.1111/jdi.13002.
Adults with type 2 diabetes have lower natural killer cell activity compared with those with normal glucose tolerance or prediabetes, according to…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Early flu treatment associated with 30% lower mortality from H3N2

Lytras T, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz101.
Early treatment with oseltamivir was associated with a 30% lower mortality rate compared with later treatment in patients with influenza A(H3N2)…
In the Journals Plus

Fatty liver increases diabetes risk for adults without obesity

Sung K, et al. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2019;doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2019.01.016.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is an independent risk factor for diabetes development in adults without obesity, according to findings published in…
In the Journals Plus

Sleep duration exerts little influence on children's metabolic risks

Mi SJ, et al. Pediatr Obes. 2019;doi:10.1111/ijpo.12507.
A cohort of children considered short sleepers were more likely to consume carbohydrates during a lunch buffet test meal vs. children who slept at…
In the Journals Plus

Pioglitazone limits MI risk in Chinese adults

Miao S, et al. J Diabetes. 2018;doi:10.1111/1753-0407.12894.
Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes who use pioglitazone are at decreased risk for myocardial infarction compared with those who do not use the…
In the Journals Plus

Among injection drug users, HIV more prevalent in women than men

Leung J, et al. J Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiz058.
Study findings showed a higher prevalence of HIV among women who inject drugs compared with men, and researchers recommended developing…
In the Journals Plus

Rate of change in childhood BMI predicts adult obesity risk

Zhang T, et al. Pediatr Obes. 2019;doi:10.1111/ijpo.12513.
The rate of change in BMI at different ages during childhood, particularly during and after puberty, is differentially associated with adult obesity…
In the Journals Plus

Work-related infectious diseases most common in certain industries

Su, C-P, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.3201/eid2503.180708.
Cases of work-related infectious disease in the United States are concentrated in certain industries and occupations, particularly among health care…
In the Journals Plus

Oral complications rare after osteoporosis treatment in older women

Watts NB, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-01965.
Osteonecrosis of the jaw was a rare complication among older postmenopausal women with osteoporosis treated with denosumab for at least 3 years…
In the Journals Plus

Mandatory screening helped stop TB outbreak among Atlanta homeless

Holland DP, et al. Emerg Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.3201/eid2503.181678.
A comprehensive public health approach that included mandatory screening helped stop an outbreak of drug-resistant tuberculosis in Atlanta homeless…
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