In the Journals Plus

High folate, low vitamin B12 levels amplify gestational diabetes risk

Li S, et al. J Diabetes. 2019;doi:10.1111/1753-0407.12899.
Gestational diabetes risk can be increased by an imbalance in folate and vitamin B12 concentrations during pregnancy, according to findings published…
In the Journals Plus

Metabolic adaptation influences weight regain after bariatric surgery in teenagers

Chu L, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-02244.
Adolescents with severe obesity who underwent bariatric surgery experienced a 25% reduction in resting energy expenditure 12 months after the…
In the Journals Plus

Nitazoxanide not beneficial for treatment of severe acute respiratory illness

Gamiño-Arroyo AE, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2019;doi:10.1093/cid/ciz100.
Adding nitazoxanide to standard of care for the treatment of children and adults with severe acute respiratory infections was safe, but it did not…
In the Journals Plus

Filgrastim use increases risk for myelodysplastic syndrome, AML in non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Calip G, et al. Cancer. 2018;doi:10.1002/cncr.31914,
Use of the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor filgrastim appeared associated with a higher risk for myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid…
In the Journals Plus

PCOS doubles risk for obstructive sleep apnea

Balachandran K, et al. Eur J Endocrinol. 2019;doi:10.1530/EJE-18-0693.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are two times more likely to develop obstructive sleep apnea vs. women without the condition, independent of…
In the Journals Plus

Cerebral palsy confers greater risk for all-cause fracture

Whitney DG, et al. J Bone Miner Res. 2019;doi:10.1002/jbmr.3694.
Adults with cerebral palsy are twice as likely to sustain a fracture of any type than the overall population, even after accounting for their higher…
In the Journals Plus

Bright sunlight exposure may decrease risk for type 2 diabetes, CVD

Noordam R, et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2019;doi:10.1210/jc.2018-02532.
Healthy, middle-aged adults exposed to more bright sunlight in the 7 days before providing a blood sample had lower levels of markers indicating risk…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

E-cigarette use rises among patients with cancer

Sanford N, et al. JAMA Oncol. 2019;doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.6858.
Rates of electronic cigarette use among patients with cancer have risen over the past several years as rates of conventional smoking have remained…
In the Journals Plus

Origami-inspired malaria field test performs similarly to PCR

Reboud J, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019;doi:10.1073/pnas.1812296116.
A low-cost, DNA-based paper field test inspired by the art of origami was able to rapidly diagnose malaria species in Ugandan school children and…
In the Journals Plus

Low serum IGF-I may signal liver fibrosis in type 2 diabetes

Miyauchi S, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.13000.
Low levels of serum insulin-like growth factor I may increase the risk for liver fibrosis in adults with type 2 diabetes who consume very little…
In the Journals Plus

'Timing really matters' in link between DDT exposure, breast cancer risk

Cohn BA, et al. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2019;doi:10.1093/jnci/djy198.
Women exposed to the insecticide p,p’-DDT appeared at increased risk for breast cancer through age 54 years, according to results of a…
In the Journals Plus

Higher heart rates related to type 2 diabetes risk in normal-weight adults

Xu C, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12999.
The risk for developing type 2 diabetes is higher for Chinese adults with increased heart rates, even those in the high normal range, compared with…
In the Journals Plus

Measuring vancomycin use by days of therapy underestimates exposure

Murakami S, et al. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2019;doi:10.1017/ice.2018.364.
Using days of therapy, or DOT, to estimate vancomycin use may underestimate exposure to the antibiotic by around 10% compared with therapeutic…
In the Journals Plus

Large dental practice cuts antibiotic prescribing by 73%

Gross AE, et al. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019;doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofz067.
A large academic dental practice saw a nearly 73% decrease in antibiotic prescribing after implementing a comprehensive antibiotic stewardship…
In the Journals Plus

Teenage weight misperception can adversely affect diet, physical activity

Dues K, et al. J Sch Nurs. 2019;doi:10.1177/1059840518824386.
Weight misperception in adolescence can lead to increasingly unhealthy dietary behaviors and physical activity levels, according to findings…
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