In the Journals

Use of bilateral mastectomy increased significantly despite lack of mortality benefit

Kurian AW. JAMA. 2014;312:902-914.
The use of bilateral mastectomy among women with early-stage breast cancer increased significantly since the late 1990s, but the procedure did reduce…
In the JournalsPerspective

Lenalidomide–dexamethasone extended PFS, OS in transplant-ineligible multiple myeloma

September 22, 2014
Continuous lenalidomide plus low-dose dexamethasone significantly extended PFS compared with melphalan, prednisone and thalidomide in patients with…
In the Journals

E-cigarettes emitted fewer carcinogenic particulates, higher toxic metals

Saffari A. Environ Sci Processes Impacts. 2014;doi:10.1039/C4EM00415A.
Secondhand smoke from electronic cigarettes contained significantly fewer organic carcinogen emissions than tobacco-containing cigarettes, according…
In the Journals

Retention in care, viral suppression higher in Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program clients

Doshi R. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu722.
The rates of retention in care and viral suppression are higher among patients receiving care funded by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program vs. other…
In the Journals

Primary tumor site affected clinical features, outcomes in pediatric neuroblastoma

Vo KT. J Clin Oncol. 2014;doi:10.1200/JCO.2014.56.1621.
Tumor features and outcomes varied considerably by primary tumor site among children with neuroblastoma, according to study results. Kieuhoa T. Vo
In the Journals

Hand hygiene rates higher within presence of other HCWs

Monsalve M. Infect Control HospEpidemiol. 2014;35:1277-1285.
The rates of hand hygiene were higher when health care workers were in the proximity of their colleagues, according to researchers from the…
In the Journals

As-needed rituximab controlled follicular lymphoma with less treatment

September 18, 2014
A retreatment strategy that utilized rituximab as needed was associated with similar disease control as maintenance rituximab yet required less…
In the Journals

Half of patients with HIV not screened regularly for HCV

Freiman J. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu698.
Researchers from Boston Medical Center have found that although most patients with HIV were screened for hepatitis C virus infection when enrolling…
In the Journals

Little difference in percentage of positive Lyme tests between labs

Fallon B. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu703.
Rates of positive Lyme disease test results were similar between a university laboratory, a commercial laboratory and two laboratories that…
In the Journals

Para-aortic irradiation increased diabetes risk in long-term survivors of Hodgkin’s lymphoma

van Nimwegen FA. J Clin Oncol. 2014;doi:10.1200/JCO.2013.54.4379.
Radiation to para-aortic lymph nodes was associated with a dose-dependent increased risk for diabetes among 5-year survivors of Hodgkin’s…
In the Journals

Age-associated comorbidities more prevalent among people with HIV

Schouten J. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu701.
Researchers from the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam have found that age-associated, noncommunicable comorbidities were more prevalent among…
In the JournalsPerspective

AR-V7 linked to treatment resistance in castration-resistant prostate cancer

September 16, 2014
Detectable androgen receptor splice variant-7 messenger RNA in circulating tumor cells was associated with resistance to enzalutamide and abiraterone…
In the Journals

Patients often prescribed redundant antibiotics

Schultz L. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014;35:1229-1235.
Redundant antimicrobial therapy in hospitals resulted in more than $12 million in potentially avoidable costs, new data suggest. “Our…
In the JournalsPerspective

Parental, adolescent knowledge of HPV unrelated to vaccination status

Fishman J. Pediatrics. 2014;doi:10.1542/peds.2013-3454.
Recent data show parental and adolescent knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccination was not associated with adolescent vaccination among a predominantly…
In the Journals

Adherence to first-line ART predictive of second-line ART adherence

Ramadhani H. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/ofid/ofu07
Patients with HIV who fail to comply with first-line ART are less likely to adhere to second-line ART, according to recent findings published in…
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