In the Journals Plus

Flu vaccine 72% effective against H1N1 in Canada

Skowronski DM, et al. Euro Surveill. 2019;doi:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.4.1900055.
In Canada, the influenza vaccine has been 72% effective this season against the predominant circulating virus, influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, offering…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Switch from analogue to human insulin safe, cost-effective in older adults with type 2 diabetes

Luo J, et al. JAMA. 2019;doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21364.
Older adults with type 2 diabetes who switched from analogue to human insulin as part of a managed care intervention experienced a small increase in…
In the Journals Plus

Rates of HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer rising regardless of sex, race

Faraji F, et al. Cancer. 2018;doi:10.1002/cncr.31841.
Rates of HPV-positive tumors are increasing among patients with oropharyngeal cancer in the U.S., regardless of sex or race, according to a…
In the Journals Plus

Depression, suicidal behavior not observed with combination naltrexone/bupropion in obesity

Pi-Sunyer X, et al. Int J Obes. 2019;doi:10.1038/s41366-018-0302-z.
Adults with overweight or obesity assigned to combination naltrexone/bupropion therapy experienced fewer depression-related events vs. similar…
In the Journals Plus

CV, renal events more likely with renal arteriosclerosis

Shimizu M, et al. J Diabetes Investig. 2018;doi:10.1111/jdi.12981.
Renal arteriosclerosis increases the risk for both renal composite and cardiovascular events in Japanese adults with type 2 diabetes and diabetic…
In the Journals Plus

First-month response to pediatric weight management predicts long-term BMI

Gross AC, et al. Obesity. 2019;doi:10.1002/oby.22367.
Children and adolescents enrolled in weight-management programs who respond quickly are more likely to achieve greater long-term reductions in BMI…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Most children, adults not meeting ADA goals for type 1 diabetes management

Foster NC, et al. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2019;doi:10.1089/dia.2018.0384.
Only 17% of children and 21% of adults with type 1 diabetes are meeting HbA1c targets outlined in American Diabetes Association guidelines, with…
In the Journals Plus

EHRs continue to improve in diabetes care

Lessing SE, et al. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2018;doi:10.1177/1932296818815507.
Since their introduction, electronic health records have been shown to enhance disease management and quality of care for adults with diabetes…
In the Journals Plus

Oral insulin lowers FPG in insulin-naive, type 2 diabetes

Halberg IB, et al. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2019;doi:10.1016/s2213-8587(18)30372-3.
Among insulin-naive adults with type 2 diabetes, treatment with a high dose of oral insulin for 8 weeks lowered fasting plasma glucose at a rate…
In the Journals Plus

Black men with low-risk prostate cancer have higher mortality rate

Mahal B, et al, JAMA. 2018;doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11716.
Black men diagnosed with low-risk prostate cancer may have more aggressive forms of the disease than nonblack men with the same diagnosis, according…
In the Journals Plus

Probiotics may prevent oral mucositis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Jiang C, et al. Cancer. 2018;doi;10.1002/cncr.31907.
A combination of probiotics significantly enhanced immune responses and reduced the severity of oral mucositis among patients with nasopharyngeal…
In the Journals Plus

Insulin resistance may influence hirsutism development in women without PCOS

Song DK, et al. Clin Endocrinol. 2019;doi:10.1111/cen.13936.
In a large cohort of reproductive-age women without polycystic ovary syndrome, insulin resistance was positively associated with hirsutism…
In the Journals Plus

Rate of bone loss may predict mortality among older adults

Kim KM, et al. Bone. 2019;doi:10.1016/j.bone.2019.01.017.
In older adults, a low baseline bone mineral density score and a rapid bone loss over 7 years independently conferred increased mortality risk, with…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Female radiation oncologists receive smaller share of industry funding than male counterparts

Weng JK, et al. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.7377.
Female radiation oncologists appeared to benefit less from industry relationships than their male counterparts, receiving an inequitable proportion…
In the Journals PlusPerspective

Hostility, low optimism traits may increase type 2 diabetes risk

Luo J, et al. Menopause. 2019;doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000001296.
Among postmenopausal women, personality traits, such as low optimism or high hostility, may be independently associated with increased risk for type…
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