In the JournalsPerspective

Circulating neutrophil, monocyte, lymphocyte counts predict survival in HPV-positive oropharyngeal cancer

Huang SH. Cancer. 2014;doi:10.1002/cncr.29100.
Both high pretreatment circulating neutrophil and monocyte counts independently predicted shorter OS and RFS among patients with HPV-positive…
In the Journals

Corticosteroid treatment for influenza may increase mortality risk

Rodrigo C. J Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/infdis/jiu645.
Based on results from observational studies, treatment with corticosteroids for suspected influenza complications may be associated with increased…
In the Journals

Aspirin, COX-2 inhibitors improved outcomes in stage III colon cancer

Ng K. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2014;doi:10.1093/jnci/dju345.
Patients with stage III colon cancer who used aspirin and COX-2 inhibitors demonstrated statistically significant reductions in risk for cancer…
In the Journals

Sickle cell trait increased risk for pulmonary embolism

Folsom AR. J Thromb Haemost. 2014;doi:10.1111/jth.12787.
African Americans with sickle cell trait appeared twice as likely to develop pulmonary embolism as those who did not carry sickle cell trait…
In the JournalsPerspective

Carboplatin–paclitaxel combination shows promise for rare form of thymus cancer

Hirai F. Ann Oncol. 2014;doi:10.1093/annonc/mdu541.
The combination of carboplatin and paclitaxel compared favorably with standard anthracycline-based chemotherapy in the treatment of thymic carcinoma…
In the Journals

Some treatments for cystic echinococcosis considered medically unsound

Nabarro LE. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu931.
Significant disparities exist worldwide in the management of cystic echinococcosis, according to recent findings. Moreover, there are aspects of…
In the Journals

Black, diabetic prison inmates at greater coccidioidomycosis risk

Wheeler C. Emerg Infect Dis. 2015;doi:10.3201/eid2101.140836.
Among inmates detained at two California prisons in 2011, black race and diabetes were associated with increased risk for coccidioidomycosis…
In the Journals

Acid reflux medications may extend survival in HNSCC

Papagerakis S. Cancer Prev Res. 2014;doi:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-14-0002.
Two types of antacid medications commonly used by patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma to reduce acid reflux may provide a survival…
In the Journals

Women with BRCA-associated ovarian cancer have low risk for subsequent breast cancer

Gangi A. JAMA Surg. 2014; doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2014.1081.
Women with epithelial ovarian cancer who harbor BRCA mutations appear to be at low risk for developing breast cancer, according to results of a…
In the Journals

Rectal colonization associated with infection after transrectal prostate biopsy

Liss MA. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.1093/cid/ciu1129.
Rectal colonization with fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli before a transrectal prostate biopsy was associated with a post-procedure…
In the Journals

Adjuvant chemotherapy regimen safe, feasible for stage I nonseminomatous germ cell tumors

Vidal AD. Ann Oncol. 2014; doi:10.1093/annonc/mdu518.
Adjuvant treatment with one cycle of modified bleomycin, etoposide and cisplatin chemotherapy appeared safe and effective for patients with clinical…
In the Journals

Sunitinib appeared active in meningioma

Kaley TJ. Neuro Oncol. 2014;doi:10.1093/neuonc/nou148.
Sunitinib appeared effective in patients with recurrent atypical and malignant meningioma, according to results of a prospective, multicenter, phase…
In the Journals

Outbreaks related to nonpasteurized milk have increased since 2007

Mungai EA. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014;doi:10.3201/eid2101.140447.
The number of infectious outbreaks associated with nonpasteurized milk in the United States increased between 2007 and 2012, according to recent…
In the Journals

Influenza activity low but rising nationwide

Rolfes M. MMWR. 2014;63:1189-1194.
From Sept. 28 to Dec. 6, almost 125,000 respiratory specimens in the United States were tested for influenza and 10.9% were positive, according to…
In the Journals

Novel, cheap DNA sequencer identified S. typhi resistance

Ashton PM. Nat Biotechnol. 2014;doi:10.1038/nbt.3103.
A novel nanopore DNA sequencer could rapidly diagnose infection at a greatly reduced price, according to recent data. Researchers tested the…
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